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9 Delivering the Strategy

9.1 The implementation of the Core Strategy will require effective co-ordination between public bodies, including the Local Strategic Partnership and private developers, utility providers and transport operators. Chapter 10 sets out a monitoring framework for the Core Strategy, which will measure delivery and enable corrective action to be taken in the event of non-delivery.

9.2 The Spatial Strategy will be implemented through:-

  • The Core Policies, Proposals Map and Strategic Sites in the Core Strategy
  • The Development Management Policies DPD
  • The Site Allocations DPD and Proposals Map Insets
  • Supplementary Planning Documents, including Master Plans for the Strategic Sites set out in the Core Strategy

9.3 The Council will require Master Plans for the development of the Growth Locations and Regeneration Areas, to be adopted as supplementary planning guidance by the Council, prior to the determination of outline planning applications.

Infrastructure

9.4 The Council intends to ensure that new development contributes to the creation of more sustainable communities, including making provision for infrastructure. The Core Strategy objective relating to infrastructure is:

Infrastructure

To ensure that development makes the necessary provision for infrastructure and community facilities to meet the existing and future needs of the District

9.5 The key requirements for the District are to support the growth proposed in this Core Strategy:

  • To make sure that the services and facilities are provided to support development is supported by the required infrastructure in the Main Towns and Key Service Villages and to ensure thatthe additional development does not place a strain upon existing infrastructure and service provision.
  • To retain existing services and facilities in the rural areas, where only 45 % of villages overall have a post office, 41% a village school and 23% a doctors surgery (2008 Rural Survey)
  • To protect and improve where necessary, the access to sporting and leisure facilities and open spaces across the District. The Council's Green Spaces Strategy sets out proposals and open space standards.
  • To make sure that the services and facilities are funded and secured so that they are delivered where and when needed.

9.6 A list of key facilities and infrastructure that will be required to support development up to 2026 is set out in Table 2. The provision of funding for these facilities and infrastructure is also identified in Table 2. Financial contributions or direct provision will be sought from developers for facilities including affordable housing, open space, transport, education and health care to add to public funding that is required to deliver these facilities and infrastructure. In determining the level of infrastructure provided, economic viability will be a material consideration. In addition development in the Haverhill Fringe will be required to have regard to the potential impact it may have on the infrastructure requirements of Haverhill as identified by St Edmundsbury Borough Council. An infrastructure trajectory is included in Appendix 4. Detailed infrastructure requirements for the proposed growth areas will be assessed again at the time of the preparation of the relevant SPD and/or at the determination of the relevant planning application.

9.7 This Core Strategy concentrates on identifying the infrastructure required to support the growth proposed up to 2026. However, there are other infrastructure issues in the District which need to be addressed at the national, regional and sub-regional levels and which fall outside the scope of this Core Strategy to deliver. These include:-

  • Improvements to the A120 between Braintree and Marks Tey
  • A12 Improvements
  • Improvements to the London to Norwich East Coast railway line
  • Improvements to the Witham to Braintree branch railway line

9.8 The delivery of this Core Strategy is not dependent on these improvements, but if action is not taken they may constrain the future growth of the District.

Policy CS11

Infrastructure Services and Facilities

The Council will work with partners, service delivery organisations and the development industry, to ensure that the infrastructure services and facilities required to provide for the future needs of the community (including, but not restricted to, transport, health, education, utilities, policing, sport, leisure and cultural provision, and local community facilities) are delivered in a timely, efficient and effective manner.

Provision will be funded by:

  • Development contributions through legal agreements, planning obligations, standard charges, or the Community Infrastructure Levy
  • The delivery body concerned

The timing of the provision of infrastructure will be set out in Master Plans and legal agreements or planning obligations.

The loss or significant reduction of, existing services and facilities will be resisted unless there is sufficient evidence that they are no longer viable or needed or satisfactory alternatives are available.

Housing

9.9 Housing, including affordable housing, will continue to be delivered by the housing industry through the private sector market and Registered Social Landlords, by the granting of planning permission for new developments on suitable sites with appropriate conditions or legal agreements. Braintree District Council will seek to ensure that the delivery of affordable housing is secured through Section 106 agreements.

9.10 The Council has identified sufficient housing capacity through Housing Land Availability Assessments, including Regeneration Sites in the Key Service Villages and the Core Strategy Strategic Sites, to meet its housing requirement. Housing Trajectories, covering the period from 2001-2026 are set out in Appendix 2, which demonstrate that the Council has identified sufficient capacity to meet its managed housing supply targets. Figure 4 sets out a schedule of specific deliverable housing sites demonstrating a 15 year housing supply, which include the phased provision of the growth locations. Flexibility can be provided if the need for this is identified through annual monitoring, by varying the phasing if necessary, to ensure that the required housing land supply requirements are met.

9.11 The Core Strategy needs to demonstrate flexibility in terms of identifying further potential housing capacity, in case identified housing provision is slow to come forward, or there are additional housing requirements before the end of the plan period. This flexibility can be demonstrated: The Council has not included any capacity arising from windfall sites, even though these will inevitably come forward. There will also be sites, which are not yet identified in the Housing Supply Trajectory or Table 6, which could come forward through minor extensions to town or village development boundaries in the Site Allocations DPD. There could also be scope to provide some additional dwellings within the strategic site boundary of the growth location to the south-west of Witham, or within the strategic site boundary of the growth location to the north-west of Braintree during the plan period to 2026, if monitoring showed that this was required.

9.12 Affordable housing will be provided through the requirements set out in policy CS2.The viability of specific sites for the delivery of affordable housing will be assessed as necessary, when planning applications are submitted, through the use of an affordable housing toolkit.

Economy

9.13 Braintree District Council has identified employment land supply through its non-residential land availability monitoring and will continue to protect land in current or recent employment use, for future employment use as set out in policy CS4. The Council has also identified employment land supply at strategic growth location sitesset out in the Core Strategy, in order to meet its job and employment land provision targets.

9.14 It will also ensure, through the need for approval of Master Plans and planning permissions, that new development within the Regeneration Areas contain employment generating development. This will vary in scale and type depending on the location and the balance of other uses being proposed.

9.15 In the rural areas, a flexible approach will be needed to ensure that local jobs continue to be available, without damaging the environment or promoting developments that are not sustainable.

9.16 Securing jobs and the right sort of development is likely to be a significant issue for delivery. The allocation of land and the granting of planning permissions in themselves, may well not be sufficient to ensure that the right jobs are delivered at the right place at the right time. More proactive initiatives may be needed by both this Council and its partners to secure such developments in the longer term. This could include land assembly, pump-priming the required services for the land and robust marketing.

9.17 The Economic Development Partnership will work with a range of other economic development partners, including the East of England Development Agency and the Haven Gateway Partnership to proactively market the District for economic development.

Environment

9.18 Many of the strategies and policies in the plan to protect and enhance the District's environment will be achieved through the development management process. For example, the quality of new development, the protection of listed buildings or the securing of alternative energy sources for development, will all be enabled through that process.

9.19 It will be necessary to ensure that the capacity of wastewater treatment works and foul sewerage network is not exceeded by new development. Particular regard should be had to the Water Framework Directive which sets objectives relating to the water environment which development should not compromise. Early engagement with the Council, the Environment Agency and the water and sewerage suppliers is therefore recommended.

Other Resources

9.20 The voluntary sector is likely to be an important vehicle for delivering certain type of facilities and services, especially where they are relatively small scale and serve local communities and neighbourhoods. In this context, the LSP and Parish Councils (through Parish Plans and Village Design Statements) will play a central role, especially in relation to delivery in the villages and rural areas.

9.21 Braintree Council and Chelmsford Borough Council have been jointly awarded £11m Growth Area Funding by the Government to support the delivery of housing, employment and associated infrastructure over the period 2008 to 2011. The amount available for Braintree is approximately £4 million. It is intended to use this for a range of projects including small scale infrastructure, land assembly and consultant's fees for additional studies. In addition, it can be used to fund or pump prime the many smaller initiatives that would be beneficial.

9.22 Infrastructure requirements are included in Table 2 below and have been identified as either critical, required or desirable to the delivery of the growth set out within this document.

Critical

This is infrastructure that is fundamental for the development to be built and includes transport and access arrangements, water and foul water sewerage supply and utility connections. Without these pieces of infrastructure the site would be undevelopable. These are highlighted in bold.

Required

Infrastructure that has been identified as required by stakeholders to provide the expected level of service to the residents of the new developments. This includes contributions to new health and education facilities and public open space provision.

Desirable

These are schemes which will make the development a more pleasant place to live or work such as public realm improvements. The Council considers that the developments will not be successful and sustainable without this kind of infrastructure provision.

Included within this category are some transport schemes which are not required for the delivery of the growth set out in the plan but will generally address existing congestion problems which would be beneficial to the economy and accessibility of the District and the sub region.

Location Project Details Funding Delivery
Body
Critical/
Required/
Desirable
Supports all growth in the District and sub region **(These projects are strategic highway schemes which are not required to deliver the growth set out in the Core Strategy but which the Council has an aspiration to see implemented to resolve existing congestion hotspots which would be beneficial to the economy and accessibility of the District and the sub region.) Feasibility study on capacity improvements on the Braintree Branch line by the construction of a passing loop Viability study funding secured through Growth Area Funding. Further funding would be required for implementation Network
Rail
1st phase study completed

Desirable
Congestion relief at Galleys Corner Roundabout to the east of Braintree. Highways Agency, Developer Contributions Highways Agency Desirable
Capacity improvements and safety enhancements to the A12 Highways Agency,
Developer Contributions
Highways Agency Desirable
Capacity improvements and safety enhancements to junctions of the A12 in the District. Highways Agency, Developer Contributions Highways Agency Desirable
Supports all
growth in
the District
Provision of and improvement to Public Open Space, Play Spaces and indoor and outdoor sports and recreational facilities which can accommodate a range of uses. Developer Contributions, Braintree
District Council, Essex County Council
Private Developers , private sports operators, Braintree District Council Required
Creation and enhancement of Sustainable Accessible Natural Greenspaces (SANG’s) Green Corridors and wildlife habitats. Developer Contributions, Braintree
District Council, Essex County Council
Private Developer, Essex County Council, Braintree District Council and Town or Parish Councils Required
Footpath, cycleway and bridleway provision Developer contributions,

Essex County Council
Essex County Council Required
Contributions to additional early years and childcare, primary school, secondary school and sixth form places. Developer Contributions Essex County Council Desirable
Additional emergency service cover Developer Contributions, Emergency Services Emergency Services Required
Public Realm Improvements Developer Contributions Braintree District Council Private developers ,Braintree District Council, Essex County Council Desirable
Supports all growth in the District Flood prevention/relief
measures SUDS (Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems)
Developer contributions Braintree District Council, Environment Agency Required
Waste Water Network Capacity Improvements Developer Contributions

Anglian Water
Anglian Water, private developers Critical
Electricity, gas, broadband Developer contributions Statutory undertakers including National Grid, British Telecom Critical
Contributions to health care facilities Developer Contributions, Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Required
Supporting all growth in Braintree Clean water storage and water transfer main To be secured through
Anglian Water’s Water
Resource Management Plan
Anglian Water Critical
Cemetery Expansion, Bocking (dependent upon land acquisition) Braintree District Council Braintree District Council Desirable
Freeport foot/cycle bridge Developer Contributions, Essex County Council, Braintree District Council Growth Area Funding Essex County Council Desirable

Planning Application
approved
Panfield Lane Growth Location Provision of land to enable education provision (2ha) Developer Contributions Essex County Council Required
Expansion of existing or creation of new GP surgery Developer Contributions, Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Required
Public Open Space, Play and Recreation Areas in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions, Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Allotment provision in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Sewerage network and waste water capacity upgrades Anglian Water, Developer Contributions Anglian Water Critical
Capacity improvements at Pods Brook Road/Rayne Road roundabout Developer Contributions Essex County Council, Private Developer Critical
Spine road from Springwood Drive to Panfield Lane, designed for local traffic only Developer Contributions Private Developer, Essex County Council Critical
Quality Bus Partnership and Public Transport Improvements Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council,
public transport operators, Private Developer
Desirable
Public Realm Improvements Developer Contributions Private developer Desirable
Footpath and Cycleway provision, both on site and links to the existing network Developer Contributions, Essex County Council, Private Developer Desirable
Neighbourhood Centre (may include community, religious, retail and leisure facilities) Developer Contributions Private Developer Desirable
Great Notley Business Park Growth Location Upgrade of sewerage network and Waste Water Treatment Plant Developer Contributions, Anglian Water Anglian Water Critical
Quality Bus Partnership and Public Transport Improvements Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council, public transport operators

Private Developer
Desirable
Creation of a new access and improvements at the A131/Cuckoo Way roundabout Developer Contributions Essex County Council Critical
Provision of woodland area adjacent to Country Park and new habitat creation Developer Contributions Essex County Council Required
Public Realm Improvements Developer Contributions Private developer Desirable
Footpath and Cycleway provision, both on site and links to the existing network Developer Contributions, Essex County Council, Private Developer Desirable
Supporting all Growth in Witham Motts Lane foot and cycle bridge dependent upon land acquisition and support of Network Rail ) Network Rail Network Rail Desirable
Witham Station footbridge

(dependent upon support of Network Rail)
Network Rail, Essex County Council, Developer Contributions Network Rail, Essex County Council Desirable
Cemetery Expansion Braintree District Council Braintree District Council Desirable
Hatfield Road Growth
Location
New primary school with Early years and Childcare places (2ha) Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Required
Extension of GP surgery provision Developer Contributions, Mid Essex Primary Care
Trust
Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Required
Public Open Space, Play and Recreation Areas in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions, Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Allotment provision in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Quality Bus Partnership and Public Transport Improvements Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council,
public transport operators,

Private Developer
Desirable
Hatfield Road Growth Location Sewerage network capacity upgrade Developer Contributions, Anglian Water Anglian Water Critical
Capacity Improvements at Hatfield Road/ Gershwin Boulevard Roundabout Developer Contributions Private Developer, Essex County Council Critical
Public Realm Improvements Developer Contributions Private developer Desirable
Footpath and Cycleway provision, both on site and links to existing network Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Desirable
Neighbourhood Centre (may include community, religious, retail and leisure facilities) Developer Contributions Private Developer Desirable
Contribution to community centre Developer Contributions Braintree District Council or community group Desirable
Forest Road Growth Location Extension of GP surgery provision Developer Contributions, Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Required
Public Open Space, Play and Recreation Areas in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions, Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Allotment provision in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Quality Bus Partnership and Public Transport Improvements Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council,
public transport operators, Private Developers
Desirable
Sewerage network capacity upgrade Anglian Water,
Developer Contributions
Anglian Water Critical
Improvements to the Cypress Road/Braintree Road junctions Developer Contributions Developer Contributions Critical
Public Realm Improvements Developer Contributions Private Developer Desirable
Footpath and Cycleway provision, both on site and links to existing network Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council Desirable
Neighbourhood Centre (may include religious, retail and leisure facilities) Developer Contributions Private Developer Desirable
Contribution to community centre Developer Contributions Braintree District Council Desirable
Supporting growth in Halstead Clean water storage and transfer main To be secured through Anglian Water's Water Resource Management Plan Anglian Water Critical
Contribution to Community Centre Developer Contributions Braintree District Council Desirable
Severage network and waste water capacity upgrades Developer Contribution, Anglian Water Anglian Water Critical
Provision of land for Early Years and Childcare (0.15ha) Developer Contributions Essex County Council Required
Cemetrery Expansion Braintree District Council Braintree District Council Desirable
Sible Hedingham Regeneration Area River Channel restoration on feeding channel to Reiver Coline Developer Contributions Private Developer, Environment Agency Desirable
Provision of land for Early Years and Childcare places (0.15ha) Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Required
New GP surgery Developer Contributions, Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Required
Public Open Space, Play and Recreation Areas in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Develper Contributions Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Enhancement of habitat of local nature reserve Developer Contributions Private Developer

Braintree District Council
Desirable
Allotment provision in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Develper Contributions Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Quality Bus Partnership and Public Transport Improvements Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council, public transport operators, Private Developer Desirable
Public Realm Improvements Developer Contributions Private Developer Desirable
Footpath and Cycleway provision, both on site and links to existing network Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council Desirable
Silver End Regeneration Area Provision for land for Early Years and Childcare places (0.15ha) Developer Contributions Essex County Council Required
Extension of existing GP surgery Developer Contributions, Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Mid Essex Primary Care Trust Required
Public Open Space, Play and Recreation Areas in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Allotment provision in line with the standards set out in the adopted Open Space SPD Developer Contributions Private Developer, Braintree District Council Required
Quality Bus Partnership and Public Transport Improvements Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council, public transport operators, Private Developer Desirable
Public Realm Improvements Developer Contributions Private Developer Desirable
Footpath and Cycleway provision, both on site and links to the existing network Developer Contributions, Essex County Council Essex County Council Desirable
Neighbourhood Centre (may include community, religious, retail and leisure facilities) Developer Contributions Private Developer Desirable

 



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