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11 Glossary

Acronyms used:

Initials What they Stand for
BDC Braintree District Council
CIL Community Infrastructure Levy
DPD Development Plan Document
Dws Dwellings
ECC Essex County Council
EERA East of England Regional Assembly
EIA Equalities Impact Assessment
Ha Hectare
HGV Heavy Goods Vehicle
JSNA Joint Strategic Needs Assessment
KSV Key Service Villages
LAA Local Area Agreement
LDF Local Development Framework
LDS Local Development Scheme
LI Local Indicator
LSP Local Strategic Partnership
LTP Local Transport Plan 2006-2011
NI National Indicator
NOMIS National Online Manpower Information System
ONS Office National Statistics
PCT Mid Essex Primary Care Trust
RSS Regional Spatial Strategy
SANG Sustainable Accessible Natural Greenspace
SCI Statement of Community Involvement
SEA/SA Strategic Environment Assessment/Sustainability† Appraisal
SHMA Strategic Housing Market Assessment
SHLAA Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment
SUDS Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems
PPS Planning Policy Statement

Explanations of some of the terms used in this Strategy:

Term used Meaning
Biodiversity The wealth of wildlife or variety of life on earth. It includes all living organisms (plant and animals) and collections of species that form different natural habitats.
Brownfield site Land that has been previously developed, usually but not always within the existing built-up area of a town or village.
Community Priority A service, action or development that has been identified by the local community as being of high importance.
Core Strategy DPD The overarching planning policy document in the Local Development Framework, which sets out the broad planning strategy for the District. All subsequent documents must be in accordance with it.
Development Plan Documents (DPD) Statutory Planning Documents that set out the Council's policies and proposals for the District. They are subject to an examination and approval by an inspector before they can be used by the Council.
Development Policy DPD A document that sets out statements or sets of criteria that the Council uses to decide planning applications. Used with the Site Allocations DPD. Must be in line with the Core Strategy.
East of England The counties of Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Norfolk and Suffolk and the unitary areas of Luton, Peterborough, Southend and Thurrock.
East of England Plan The Regional Strategy, that is, the highest level plan for the East of England.
Educational Infrastructure Pre school education and childcare, primary and secondary schools and post sixteen and adult life long learning facilities.
Equality Impact Assessment Assessment required when reviewing or developing new policies, strategies and function to determining if there is any adverse impact, or illegal discrimination or any unmet need or requirements.
Employment Land Review A technical study prepared for the Council which looked at the future needs for employment land and where it should be located
Exception Sites Sites for affordable housing on land where development would not normally be allowed-hence they are 'exceptions' to policy.
Geodiversity The variety of geological environments, phenomena and processes that make those landscapes, rocks, minerals, fossils and soils which provide the framewok for life on earth.
Greenfield site Land which has not been developed before, usually but now always, agricultural land.
Growth Locations Areas where the Council is proposing that new development should be located. They are situated on the edge of the main towns of Braintree and Witham
Haven Ports Harwich, Felixstowe and Ipswich
Issues and Options Report The first consultation document produced by the Council at the start of the Core Strategy preparation process in 2007
Key Diagram A map showing in diagrammatic from the overall planning strategy for the District, including areas for development and protection.
Key Service Villages The larger villages in the District (over 3000 population) which act as local centres for the smaller villages and rural areas around. There are 6 proposed Key Service Villages in the Braintree District
Lifetime Homes Standard A set of layout standards applied to housing to enable it to be used by people throughout their lives without having to move. Usually includes features to cater for disabilities.
Local Centres Local Centres include a range of small shops of a local natures, serving a local catchment. Typically local centres might include, amongst other shops, a small supermarket, a newsagent, as sub-post office and a pharmacy. Other facilities could include a hot-food takeaway and launderette. In rural areas, large villages may perform the role of a local centre.
Local Indicator These are set by - local organisations - either at County or District level. - They relate more specifically to Essex and the Braintree District and the - priorities which are particular to our local areas.
Local Strategic These are non-statutory, multi-agency partnerships within local authority areas that bring together the public, private, voluntary and community sectors. With the local authority they identify priorities for local Community Strategies and Local Area Agreements. They aim to promote joint working to deliver sustained local economic and social regeneration and improved public services to meet the needs of communities.
Main Towns The main urban centres in the District where most development is to be located. The Main Towns in the Braintree District are Braintree, Witham and Halstead
Mixed development Development that includes more than on use within the development area or can be easily linked to other uses nearby. Can include such uses as housing, employment, services and leisure facilities
National Indicator These are specified by Central Government to reflect national priority outcomes for local authorities working alone, or in partnership and are monitored on a national basis.
Nomis Official labour market statistics, run by University of Durham on behalf of Office for National Statistics
Other Villages The smallest villages in the District that are defined by a village envelope.
Core Planning Policy A policy that sets out in broad terms the councilis strategy on a particular issue, e.g. employment.
Planning Policy Statement Documents produced by the government on a wide range of planning issues which set out how it intends that these should be treated at the national level. The Councilis own policies must generally be in line with them.
Proposals Map The detailed plan on an ordnance survey base used in a Site Allocations document (see below). Must be in accord with the Core Strategy Key Diagram
Countryside The area outside town development boundaries and village envelopes. Can include a number of small hamlets.
Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment Assessments required by European and national law into how the plan will impact on the District's environment in the long term and contribute towards sustainable development.
Settlement Strategy The order of importance of the towns and villages in the District and how development will be distributed between them.
Setting of building The environs of a building or other feature which directly contribute to the atmosphere, or ambience of that building, or feature.
Site Allocation DPD A document that sets out in detail (using a Proposals Map - see above) where development will take place and where particular policies will be applied. Mainly used with Development Policies DPD to assist the Council in deciding planning applications. Must conform to the broad policies set out in the Core Strategy.
Spatial Planning Spatial Planning - in 2004 the Government introduced a new planning system which set out the concept of 'spatial planning'. Spatial planning goes beyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they function. This will include policies which can impact on land use, for example, by influencing the demands on or needs for development, but which are not capable of being delivered solely or mainly through the granting of planning permission and may be delivered through other means. (2004 Planning Policy Statement 3)
Statement of Community Involvement - DPD A document which sets out how the Council intends to involve the whole community in decisions on both planning policies and planning applications.
Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment A technical Study which identifies sites with development potential for housing an assesses their developability, deliverability and capacity.
Strategic Housing Market Assessment A technical study prepared for the Council which assesses the overall state of the housing market and advises on future housing policies used to inform the Council's Core Strategy and Housing Strategy.
Sub-Region A part of a bigger region of the country which has special characteristics or covered by certain planning policies. E.G. the Haven Gateway
Sustainable Development Generally defined as: 'development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs'
Urban Capacity Study A technical study prepared for the Council that assesses the potential for building more dwellings in the existing built up parts of the District, usually the main towns and large villages. Used to inform the preparation of the plan.


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