Glossary of Terms

Adoption: Adoption is the point at which a planning document becomes the official policy of the Council.

Affordable Housing: Housing, for rent, shared ownership or purchase, at a cost considered affordable in relation to incomes that are average or below average, or in relation to the price of general market housing.

Annual Monitoring Report (AMR): This is a yearly report submitted to the Government, assessing the progress and effectiveness of the Local Development Framework.

Appropriate Assessment: Assessment of any plan, strategy or development proposal that is likely to have a significant adverse effect on the integrity of a Natura 2000 site e.g. a Special Protection Area (SPA) or Special Areas of Conservation (SAC).

Area Action Plan (AAP): Development Plan Documents setting out the Authority’s policies and proposals relating to areas of significant change or special conservation

BREEAM: A widely used means of reviewing and improving the environmental performance of buildings. BREEAM assessment methods generally apply to commercial developments (industrial, retail etc.)

Brownfield Land or Previously Developed Land (PDL): land that is, or was, occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agricultural or forestry buildings), and associated fixed surface infrastructure.

Biodiversity: The term for biological diversity in the environment which is indicated by the numbers of different species of plants and animals in a given habitat or area.

Climate Change: The UK Programme DEFRA 2000. Terminology to describe the rise of average global temperature arising from worldwide industrialisation.

Community Strategy: A document that all local authorities are required to produce. It should aim to improve the quality of life for local communities through partnership working and improvements in service delivery.

Conservation Areas: Areas formally designated by local planning authorities for their special architectural or historic interest, the character and appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Crosscutting Policies: Policies dealing with key issues, and cutting across a number of topic areas. The cross cutting policies will apply to all developments.

Decentralised Energy: Energy supply from local renewable and local low-carbon sources (i.e. on-site and near-site, but not remote off-site) usually on a relatively small scale.

Development Plan Document (DPD): A document that is the main consideration in deciding planning applications.

Evidence Base: A collective term for technical studies and background research that provides information on key aspects of the social, economic and environmental characteristics of the Borough.

Employment Land Review: A review commissioned by the Council, to investigate the requirements for employment land, as well as the areas/ sites that should be retained or used for alternative uses.

Examination In Public (EIP): The local planning authority must submit all Development Plan Documents for independent examination whether or not representations have been received, as the purpose of the examination is to consider whether a Development Plan Document (and the Statement of Community Involvement) is ‘sound’.

Foyer scheme: offers youths with an integrated access to, at a minimum, affordable accommodation, training, guidance, personal development and job searching facilities.

Green Belt: Is an area around towns and cities where development is restricted to control urban sprawl and protect the openness of the countryside.

Greenfield: Land or a site, usually farmland that has not previously been developed.

Greengrid: This aims to develop multi-functional green spaces that connect the town and countryside within Thurrock and throughout South Essex.

Housing Trajectory: This is a means of showing past and future housing performance by identifying the predicted provision of housing over the lifespan of the local development framework.

Infrastructure: A collective term for physical structures, facilities and services needed by the community, for example, buildings, roads, power supplies, health, sports and education facilities, doctors’ surgeries, churches and open space.

Issues and Options: An early stage in the preparation of a DPD where the Council sets out its main aspirations for the future development of the area. The public are then consulted on the aspirations, methods of achieving these and tackling problems that exist in the area.

Key Centre for Development and Change: Key areas of economic growth, identified within Regional Spatial Strategies, where development should be concentrated in the region.

Key Diagram: A diagram interpreting the spatial strategy as set out in the Core Strategy.

Local Area Agreement (LAA): This is the main delivery plan for the Sustainable Community Strategy and sets out the priorities to be achieved.

Local Development Documents (LDDs): The collective term for Development Plan Documents, Supplementary Planning Documents and Statement of Community Involvement.

Local Development Framework (LDF): This is the name of the new set of documents that will replace the Local Plan as the statutory plan for the Borough.

Local Development Scheme (LDS): Sets the programme/timetable for the preparation of Development Plan Documents, as well as the policies saved from the Local Plan until they are superseded by policies within the new development plan documents.

Local Strategic Partnership (LSP): A partnership of stakeholders bringing together locally the public, private, voluntary and community sectors to develop ways of involving the local community in shaping the future of their area in how services are provided.

Management of Development Policies (PMD): Policies that are needed to ensure that all development within the Borough follows the Spatial Vision and Spatial Objectives set out in the Core Strategy. These are implemented directly through the permission or refusal of planning applications.

Minerals and Waste DPD: The Minerals and Waste Development Plan Document provides planning policies for minerals and waste development within Thurrock.

Open Space: Any open land that is used by the public or local community for outdoor recreation, whether publicly or privately owned and whether use is by permission.

Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act (The Act): This is the primary legislation for the new development plan process created in 2004.

Planning Policy Guidance (PPG): A series of Central Government guidance notes which set out national policy on various planning issues such as housing, transport, employment and shopping. These are in the process of being replaced by Planning Policy Statements.

Planning Policy Statements (PPS): Set out the Government’s national policies on different aspects of planning.

Preferred Options: A stage in the preparation of a Development Plan Document, where the Council sets out the preferred choice for development, based on policy guidance, previous consultation and evidence.

Presumption: The ‘sixth form presumption’ was one of the measures introduced in the DfES’s Five Year Strategy to increase national capacity post-16. Under this arrangement, there is a presumption of success for proposals to open sixth forms from schools that meet the high performing specialist school criteria.

Proposals Map: A map which illustrates the spatial extent of policies and proposals within Development Plan Documents.

Ramsar Site: A site designated under the Ramsar Convention (1975) in order to protect wetlands that are internationally important. Ramsar Sites are named after the town in Iran where the initial meetings of the convention were held.

Regeneration: The economic, social and environmental improvement of urban and rural areas.

Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) or East of England Plan: Sets out the region’s policies in relation to how much development there will be in the region, where it will be and how it will happen. Prepared by the Regional Assembly it forms part of the development plan. For Thurrock, this is the East of England Plan.

Saved Policies or Plans: Existing adopted development plans (such as the Thurrock Borough Local Plan) are saved for 3 years from date of commencement of the Act.

Secretary of State: In this case, the Secretary of State with responsibility for planning within the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG).

Section 106: A legal agreement under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act, between a planning authority and a developer.

Single Issue Review: A review of policy that is required as a matter of urgency ahead of the timetable for the Plan it is included in.

Site Specific Allocations and Policies: A Development Plan Document which sets out the allocations of land for specific or mixed use development.

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI): A site identified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 as an area of special interest for its flora, fauna, geographical or physiographical features (plants, animals and natural features).

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA): An assessment of the availability and suitability of all known potential housing land in the Borough.

Soundness: A Development Plan Document is considered ‘sound’ if it meets the procedural, conformity, coherence, consistency and effectiveness tests set out in PPS12.

Spatial Options: These are the different options for where the planned development will take place.

Spatial Planning: A new type of planning that goes beyond traditional land use planning, but takes into account strategies, plans and policies that have an impact on development and is underpinned by sustainability and community involvement.

Spatial Vision: This sets out where the Borough would like to be and what will change over the period of the plan (to 2026).

Special Protection Areas (SPA): Site of European importance for bird conservation under the EC Birds Directive.

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI): A document that sets out the standards for involving the local community in the preparation of Local Development Documents and decisions on planning applications.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)/Sustainability Assessment: This is the formal assessment of Local Development Documents, to ensure that they contribute to sustainable development and assess the social, environmental and economic effects of the plans/policies.

Strategic Spatial Objectives: These are objectives which seek to achieve the spatial vision.

Submission DPD/Stage: Where the draft DPD is submitted to a Planning Inspector for Independent Examination.

Sui generis: Land that is not covered by a ‘Use Class’.

Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs): Documents that provide additional information to policies in Development Plan Documents. They are not subject to Independent Examination and therefore have less weight than DPDs.

Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS): Every Council (under the Local Government Act, 2000) is required to prepare a strategy to promote social, economic and environmental well-being in their area along with proposals to deliver this.

Sustainable Development: Ensures a better quality of life for everyone – now and for future generations delivering: social progress; environmental protection; economic growth; and prudent resource use.

Test of Soundness (Soundness): A Development Plan Document has to be ‘sound’ to be adopted. The tests are carried out at the Independent Examination to ensure that it has met all the requirements that are expected and has evidence to support it.

Thematic Policies: Policies set into important topics/themes, intended to deliver Spatial Development, outcomes of the Sustainable Community Strategy and other components of Thurrock’s Local Development Framework.

Thurrock Thames Gateway Development Corporation (TTGDC): This organisation was set up by Government to drive forward regeneration in the area.

Thurrock Urban Area: This is identified in the East of England Plan as the area running from Purfleet in the West of the Borough to Tilbury/Chadwell St Mary in the East.

Travel Plans: Plan setting out a series of measures to encourage the use of modes other than the private car.

Urban Fringe: The area of land between urban areas and the countryside.

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