Appendices

Appendix 1: List of Strategies, Plans and Technical Evidence

This appendix sets out a list of some of the relevant strategies, policy guidance and technical evidence studies that have been referred to and used in the creation of this document.

International

  • EC Directive 79/409/EEC (HMSO, 1979)
  • EC Directive 2000/60/EC (HMSO, 2000)
  • European Directive 2001/42/EC (European Commission, 2001)

National/European

  • 16-19 Capital Fund Guidance 2007-08 Onwards (Learning, Skills Council, 2007)
  • Asset Management Plan (CLG 2009)
  • Biodiversity By Design: A Guide for Sustainable Communities (TCPA, 2004)
  • Biodiversity UK Action Plan (HMSO 1994)
  • Building A Greener Future: Towards Zero Carbon Development (CLG, 2006)
  • Building for Life (CABE, 2008)
  • Children and Young People’s Plan Guidance 2009 (Department for Children, Schools, and Family, 2009)
  • Circular 01/07: Revisions to Principles of Selection for Listed Buildings (CLG, 08/03/2007)
  • Circular 04/07: Planning for Travelling Showpeople
  • Circular 05/05: Planning Obligations (CLG, 18/07/05)
  • Climate Change Act (2008)
  • Community Infrastructure Levy (CLG, 2008)
  • Culture at the Heart of Regeneration (DCMS, 2004)
  • Delivering a Sustainable Transport System (DfT, 2008)
  • Design and Quality Standards (Housing Corporation, 2007)
  • Every Child Matters: Green Paper (HMSO, 2003)
  • Guidance on Tall Buildings (CABE, 2007)
  • Guidance on Transport Assessment (DfT, 2007)
  • Historic Landscape Characterisation Study (English Heritage, 2004)
  • Indices of Deprivation (CLG, 2007)
  • Lifetime Homes Standard
  • National Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006 (HMSO, 2006)
  • National Indicators for Local Authorities and Local Authority Partnerships: Handbook of Definitions (CLG, 2008)
  • National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 (HMSO, 1949)
  • Natural England’s Green Infrastructure Guidance (Natural England, 2009)
  • Peterborough Sustainable Travel Demonstration Town (Peterborough City Council, 2009)
  • Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act (2004)
  • Planning for a Sustainable Future: White Paper (CLG, 2007)
  • Reservoirs Act 1975 (HMSO, 1975)
  • Secured by Design Principles (ACPO, 2004)
  • Securing the Future: Delivering UK Sustainable Development Strategy (HM Government, 2005)
  • Smarter Choices - Changing the way we travel (DfT 2005)
  • Sports England Strategy 2008-2011 (Sports England, 2008)
  • Sustainable Communities Plan: ‘Building for the Future’ (CLG, 2007)
  • The Code for Sustainable Homes: Setting the standard in sustainability for new homes (CLG, 2008)
  • The Future of Transport: a network for 2030 (DfT, 2004)
  • The Town and Country Planning (Local Development)(England) Regulation 2008
  • Town and Country Planning Act (1990)
  • Transforming Places; Changing Lives: A framework for Regeneration (CLG, 2008)
  • Transport Circular 02/07 – Planning and the Strategic Road Network
  • Travelling Showpeople’s Site – A Planning Focus (Showmen’s Guide of Great Britain, 2007)
  • UK Renewable Energy Strategy (Office of Public Sector Information, 2009)
  • Waste strategy for England 2007 (Defra, 2007)
  • What Home Buyers Want: Attitudes and Decision Making among Consumers (CABE, 2005)
  • Working with the Grain of Nature: A Biodiversity Strategy for England (DEFRA, 2002)

Planning Policy Statements (PPSs)

  • Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Development (CLG, 2005)
  • Supplement to Planning Policy Statement 1- Planning and Climate Change (CLG, 2007)
  • Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing (CLG, 2006)
  • Planning Policy Statement 4: Planning for Sustainable Economic Development (CLG, 2007)
  • Planning Policy Statement 5: Planning for the Historic Environment (CLG, 2010)
  • Planning Policy Statement 6: Planning for Town Centres (CLG, 2005)
  • Planning Policy Statement 7: Sustainable Development in Rural Areas (CLG, 2004)
  • Planning Policy Statement 9: Biodiversity and Geological Conservation (CLG, 2005)
  • Planning Policy Statement 10: Planning for Sustainable Waste Management (CLG, 2005)
  • Planning Policy Statement 11: Regional Spatial Strategies (CLG, 2004)
  • Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Spatial Planning (CLG, June 2008)
  • Planning Policy Statement 22: Renewable energy (CLG, 2004)
  • Planning Policy Statement 23: Planning and Pollution Control (CLG, 2004)
  • Planning Policy Statement 25: Development and Flood Risk (CLG, 2006)
  • Minerals Planning Statement 1: Mineral Provision (CLG, 2006)
  • Draft Planning Policy Statement 15: Planning for the Historic Environment (Living draft 2009, English Heritage) – Superseded by PPS5

Planning Policy Guidance (PPGs)

  • Planning Policy Guidance 2: Greenbelts (CLG, 2001)
  • Planning Policy Guidance 13: Transport (CLG, 2001)
  • Planning Policy Guidance 15: Planning and the historic environment (CLG, 1994) - Superseded by PPS5
  • Planning Policy Guidance 16: Archaeology and planning (CLG, 1990) - Superseded by PPS5
  • Planning Policy Guidance 17: Planning for Open Space, Sport and Recreation (CLG, 2002)
  • Planning Policy Guidance 24: Planning and Noise (CLG, 1994)

Regional

  • Development of a Policy for the Apportionment of London’s Waste Exports to The East Of England (EERA, 2006)
  • East of England (Living East: The Cultural Consortium for the East of England, 2006)
  • East of England (RSS) Single Issue Review: Accommodation for Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople (2009)
  • East of England (RSS) Single Issue Review: Thurrock Key Centre for Development and Change (2010)
  • East of England Implementation Plan: How the region will deliver the East of England Plan and Regional Economic Strategy (EEDA, 2009)
  • East of England Plan - The Revision to the Regional Spatial Strategy for the East of England (2008)
  • East of England Regional Housing Strategy (EERA, 2005)
    East of England Strategic Waste Management Assessment for Essex (Environment Agency 2002)
  • Essex Biodiversity Action Plan
  • Essex Design Guide (Essex County Council, 1997)
  • Essex Minerals Local Plan First Review (Essex County Council, 1997)
  • Essex Parking Standards (Essex County Council, 2009)
  • Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (Essex Partnership, 2008)
  • Living with Climate Change in the East of England (EERA 2002)
  • Safer and Stronger Communities (HMSO, 2005)
  • Sustainable Communities in the East of England (CLG, 2007)
  • Planning for Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation (EERA, 2009)
  • Regional Funding Allocation programme (EERA, 2008)
  • Regional Spatial Strategy 14 for the East of England – Secretary and State’s Proposed Changes (EERA, 2007)

Sub-Regional

  • Creating Sustainable Communities: Greening the Gateway (CLG, 2004)
  • Delivering the Future (Thames Gateway South Essex Partnership)
  • Essex Local Transport Plan 2006 - 2011 (Essex County Council 2005)
  • Regional Economic Strategy (EEDA, 2008)
  • SFRA for South Essex (Thames Gateway South Essex, 2006)
  • South Essex Catchment Flood Management Plan (South Essex Partnership, 2009)
  • TE2100 Plan Consultation Document (Environment Agency, 2009)
  • Thames Gateway Delivery Plan (CLG, 2007)
  • Thames Gateway Parklands Vision (CLG, 2008)
  • Thames Gateway South Essex Greengrid Strategy (Thames Gateway South Essex, 2005)

Local

  • Annual Monitoring Report (Thurrock Borough Council)
  • Building a New Thurrock – Sharing the Vision (TTGDC)
  • Conservation Area Character Appraisals (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Environmental Capacity Statement
  • Housing Strategy 2004-2007 (Thurrock Council)
  • Landscape Capacity Study (2005)
  • Landscape Character Assessment
  • Landscape Strategy for Thurrock 2002-2017 (Thurrock Council, 2003)
  • Municipal Waste Strategy 2007-2020 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Open Spaces Strategy 2006-2011 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2006)
  • Play Strategy for Thurrock: Thurrock Play Partnership 2007-2017
  • Rights of Way Improvement Plan (Thurrock Borough Council, 11/2007)
  • Road Safety Strategy (Thurrock Council, 2008)
  • School Strategy 2020 Vision (Thurrock Council, 2009)
  • Sports and Active Recreation Strategy for Thurrock 2020 (Shaping Thurrock, 2010)
  • Sport and Recreation Strategy (Thurrock Council, 2005)
  • Strategic Outline Case: Development of a New Generation Community Hospital in Grays as Part of Regeneration Thurrock (South West Essex NHS, 04/2009)
  • Sustainable Community Strategy for Thurrock 2020 (Shaping Thurrock, 2010)
  • Thurrock Biodiversity Action Plan 2007-2021 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2006)
  • Thurrock Borough Local Plan (Thurrock Council, 1997)
  • Thurrock Climate Change Evidence Base (Thurrock Council, 2008)
  • Thurrock Economic Development Strategy (Thurrock Council, 2009)
  • Thurrock Local Development Scheme
  • Thurrock Local Transport Plan 2006 – 2011 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2006)
  • Thurrock Neighbourhood Renewal Strategy (Draft) (Thurrock Council, 2009) –
  • Thurrock Parking Standards Review Document (Thurrock Council, 2010)
  • Thurrock Profile (Thurrock Council, 2007)
  • Thurrock Statement of Community Involvement (Thurrock Council, 2007)
  • Thurrock Sustainable Development Strategy – A Sustainable Future for Thurrock 2007 – 2021 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Thurrock Transport Strategy 2008 - 2021 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2008)
  • Thurrock’s Local Area Agreement 2008-2011 (Thurrock Borough Council 2008)
  • Thurrock’s Refreshed Cultural Strategy (Thurrock Borough Council/Thurrock Cultural Forum, 2006)
  • Thurrock Unitary Historic Environment Characterisation Study (2009)
  • Toward Thurrock Municipal Waste Strategy and Position Statement - 2005-2010 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Transforming and Revitalising Thurrock: A Framework for Regeneration and Sustainable Growth (TTGDC, 2005)
  • TTGDC Corporate Plan 2008-2011 (TTGDC, 2008)
  • TTGDC Master Plans
  • TTGDC Spatial Plan 2007

Evidence Base (Thurrock Studies)

  • Affordable Housing Viability Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Biodiversity Study 2006-2011 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Community Needs and Open Spaces Study (Thurrock Borough Council,2005)
  • Employment Land Review (2007)
  • Employment Land Review Update (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Employment Site Review (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Employment Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2005)
  • Green Grid Strategy Summary (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Green Infrastructure Plan for 2006 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Gypsy, Traveller and Travelling Showpeople Accommodation Assessment (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Habitat Regulation Appropriate Assessment (2007)
  • Habitat Regulation Appropriate Assessment (2010)
  • Housing Needs Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2004)
  • Infrastructure Deficit Study 2004 – 2021 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2006)
  • Infrastructure Prioritisation and Implementation Programme 2006-2021 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Infrastructure Prioritisation and Implementation Programme 2006-2021 Transport Modelling (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Infrastructure Trajectory (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Landscape Capacity Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2005)
  • Local Accessibility Strategy (Thurrock Borough Council, 2006)
  • Provision of Facilities for Faith Groups (Thurrock Borough Council, 2009)
  • Retail Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • SFRA Broad Locations Sequential Test (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • SFRA Level 1 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2009)
  • SFRA Level 2 (Thurrock Borough Council, 2009
  • Strategic Environmental Assessment /Sustainability Appraisal for the Core Strategy (Scott Wilson, 2010)
  • Strategic Environmental Assessment /Sustainability Appraisal for the Core Strategy (Scott Wilson, 2007)
  • Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Strategic Housing Market Assessment (Thames Gateway South Essex Partners, 2008)
  • Thurrock Energy Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Thurrock Local Climate Impact Profile (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Thurrock Outdoor Sports Strategy (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Urban Capacity Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2005)
  • Waste Arisings and Capacity Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2007)
  • Waste Arising and Capacity Study (Update) (Thurrock Borough Council, 2009)
  • Water Cycle Study – Outline Study (Thurrock Borough Council, 2010)
  • Water Cycle Study – Scoping Report (Thurrock Borough Council, 2009)

Upcoming Evidence Base

  • SFRA Level 2 Site and Exception Test
  • Surface Water Management Plan
  • Thurrock Water Cycle Study –Main Study

Appendix 2

Relationship Matrix between the SSO’s and the Thematic Policies

Strategic Spatial Objectives

Appendix 3

Housing Trajectory

Housing Trajectory

Appendix 4

Infrastructure Trajectory

Appendix 4 Housing and Infrastructure Needs Trajectories

This exercise is an extract from the Colin Buchanan Infrastructure Prioritisation and Implementation commission which has extensively reviewed service needs and means of their delivery in the Borough over the past 36 months. The work below is a result of extensive engagement with service providers over recent years and is based on information provided by the service providers. It takes the site specific housing growth data and applies various standards for provision to both existing and future population by zone to arrive at estimates of future surpluses and deficits.

A4.1 Housing growth commitments

A4.2.1 Table A4.2 presents the housing growth data made available to Colin Buchanan during January 2010, from the draft Core Strategy. These are presented in 5 year tranches – 0 to 5; 6 to 10; 11 to 15; and beyond 15 years. Year 0 is deemed to be the current year April 2009 to March 2010 (hence the first phase amounts to 6 years) with the CS planning horizon running to 2021, thence 2026.

A4.2.2 For purposes of grouping local infrastructure needs, CB has placed this growth in zones as follows:-

  • Purfleet
  • Aveley and South Ockenden;
  • Lakeside and West Thurrock;
  • Grays;
  • Tilbury and Chadwell St Mary;
  • Stanford le Hope and Corringham;
  • Rest of Thurrock Borough.

A4.2.3   These zones (see Figure A4.1) largely mirror the regeneration areas identified in the Core Strategy (CS) document though Zones B, F and G are not categorised as regeneration areas in the CS. The existing populations of the planning zones are set out in Table A4. 1 and A4.2 sets out the housing commitments by zone.

Table A4. 1: Mid 2008 population estimates for planning zones

Planning Zone

Population estimates based on ONS mid 2008 MSOA*

A. Purfleet

5,552

B. Aveley and S Ockenden

23,737

C Lakeside and West Thurrock

4,860

D Grays and NE Grays

53,905

E Tilbury and Chadwell St Mary

21,520

F S. le Hope, East Tilbury and Corringham

34,901

G Rest of Borough, Villages/ Green Belt

7,108

Totals

151,580

* Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA)

Table A4. 2:  Housing Commitments by Zone

Planning Zone

0 To 5 Yrs

6 To 10 Yrs

11 To 15 Yrs

Totals

A. Purfleet

1,176

1,898

105

3,179

B. Aveley and S Ockenden

522

1,404

227

2,153

C Lakeside and West Thurrock

1,373

1,758

3,112

6,243

D Grays and NE Grays

704

2,124

2,171

4,999

E Tilbury and Chadwell St Mary

275

440

700

1,415

F S. le Hope, East Tilbury and Corringham

187

590

404

1,181

G Rest of Borough, Villages/ Green Belt

55

56

0

111

Totals

4,292

8,270

6,719

19,281

A4.2.4 Chapter 2 of the CS sets out the policy context for these allocations which exceed by some 4%
the Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) revised allocations for the Borough (a minimum of 18,500
by 2021).

Figure A4. 3 : Planning zones

Planning Zones

A4.2.5 The main driver for new infrastructure requirements is population rather than numbers of dwellings so we have applied a multiplier to the housing data to calculate the new population which each zone will be likely to accommodate. The starting point for this is average household size as defined by the Office of National Statistics. The average household size in Thurrock for the last 3 decennial census years was as follows in Table A4.3.

Table A4. 3: Average Household size in Thurrock 1981-2001

Year

Total Pop

Total Households

Av. Household Size

1981

124,855

43,741

2.85

1991

126,734

49,111

2.58

2001

143,129

58,478

2.45

A4.2.6 Projecting this forward to the beginning of the CS planning cycle, and assuming continued, though diminishing reductions, over 15 years, the following average household sizes have been assumed for each of the 5 year intervals. These have been adopted as the multipliers to new dwelling numbers to derive new population numbers:-

  • 0 to 5 years: 2.4
  • 6 to 10 years: 2.35
  • 11 to 15 yrs: 2.3
  • beyond 15 yrs: not applicable as no new dwelling numbers factored into planning horizon for this exercise.

A4.2.7 Applying these multipliers to Table A4.2, the build up of new population in each zone would be as follows in Table A4. 4. In order to refine the likely future infrastructure requirements for the different zones it will be necessary to factor in the types of dwellings provided (that is, flats or houses) and the size of dwellings (1, bed 2 bed and so on) and use this information to calculate an average household size in different zones. At this stage it has not been possible to apply this level of sensitivity to the analysis because of the lack of data, but it is hoped that in future it will be possible to refine the analysis.

Table A4.4: Population growth by zone derived from housing trajectory

Planning Zone

0 To 5 Yrs

6 To 10 Yrs

11 To 15 Yrs

Totals

A. Purfleet

2822

4460

242

7524

B. Aveley and S Ockenden

1253

3299

522

5074

C Lakeside and West Thurrock

3295

4131

7158

14584

D Grays and NE Grays

1690

4991

4993

11674

E Tilbury and Chadwell St Mary

660

1034

1610

3304

F S. le Hope, East Tilbury and Corringham

449

1387

929

2765

G Rest of Thurrock Borough

132

132

0

264

Totals

10301

19434

15454

45189

A4.2.8 The population growth by zone derived from the housing trajectory shown above in Table A4. 4 is based on the number of net dwellings that are projected to be built in the 15 years from 2009. The population growth associated with this policy-based assessment is projected to be higher than that estimated in the trend-based 2006-based population projections published by the ONS in 2008.

A4.2.9 It is expected that the projections based on net dwelling increase will vary from the trend based projections to some degree because of the different methodology and because of likely future changes in the type and size of dwellings provided, relative to those built in the past. A significant difference arises from the fact that the ONS trend based population and household projections show a projected reduction in the average household size across the Borough. This likely reduction in average household size relates to the existing stock of dwellings as well as the future dwellings with the result that the future population in the existing dwelling stock is likely to fall.

A4.2.10 A further assessment of the differential between the two sets of projections is being produced. However, owing to the difference in methodology, this cannot be expected to provide a complete match between the two sets of data.

A4.2 Infrastructure needs trajectories

A4.2.1 Of the infrastructure categories assessed in the Council’s infrastructure study, about a quarter have some need for close proximity to neighbourhood level communities, corresponding to the zones as defined above, and three quarters are either planned and budgeted on a Borough wide basis or regionally/ sub regionally. Those identified as of local or zonal significance, thus requiring locations in close proximity to the communities they serve, are as follows:-

  • Early Years’ learning;
  • Primary Schools;
  • Open Space;
  • Community halls;
  • Libraries;

A4.2.2 The following categories of infrastructure are deemed to be Borough wide or beyond, in terms of the selection criteria for their location:-

  • Secondary schools;
  • Further education establishments;
  • Healthcare polyclinics;
  • Elderly persons’ care facilities;
  • Sports pitches and built leisure facilities;
  • Waste disposal facilities;
  • Police stations;
  • Ambulance stations;
  • Fire stations;
  • Transport – please note that transport and other strategic infrastructure is dealt with in the main body of the Core Strategy.

A4.2.3  Regionally based infrastructure is not addressed in the infrastructure study:

  • Strategic open space provision;
  • Potable water infrastructure
  • Sewerage
  • Power generation and distribution mains;
  • Telecommunications networks;

A4.2.4 The approach to each zone has been to identify the population threshold which triggers the need for new local and Borough wide provision, to identify a need based inventory of provision. Table A4. 5 to Table A4. 11 now provide the detail of infrastructure required at neighbourhood scale within all zones of Thurrock Borough:

A4.2.5 The following assumptions have been applied to these calculations, partly based on the population thresholds:-

  • Where relevant, provision has been rounded down to whole facilities, any arithmetical additions (e.g. 0.4 of a facility where the formula requires 2.4 facilities) being moved to the subsequent 5 year period to build a cumulative need.
  • 2000 additional children of early years age Borough wide, disaggregated to each zone proportionately with housing numbers. Each facility accommodating up to 52 children;
  • 4323 additional children of primary school age Borough wide, disaggregated to each zone proportionately with housing numbers. 1 primary school can accommodate 420 pupils
  • 1 GP per 2000 population; Current deficit of GP’s in Thurrock is 18, but this estimate is not included in these figures.
  • No allowance has been made in these assumptions for Faith Group accommodation.

Table A4.5: Purfleet (Zone A) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

A. Purfleet

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

2822

4460

242

7524

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

2

4

1

7

Primary Schools

1

1

0

2

GPs (if individual)

1

3

0

4

Community hall space (sqm)

689

1112

62

1,863

Libraries (sqm)

83

134

7

224

Parks and Gardens (ha)

1.7

2.9

0.1

4.7

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

2.2

3.5

0.2

5.9

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

988

1,595

88

2,671

Table A4.6: Aveley and South Ockenden (Zone B) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

B. Aveley S Ockenden

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

1253

3299

522

5074

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

1

3

0

4

Primary Schools

0

1

0

1

GPs

1

1

1

3

Community halls (sqm)

306

823

133

1,262

Libraries (sqm)

37

99

16

152

Parks and Gardens (ha)

0.7

2.1

0.3

3.1

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

1.0

2.6

0.4

4

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

439

1,180

191

1,809

Table A4.7: Lakeside and West Thurrock (Zone C) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

C: Lakeside And West Thurrock

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

3295

4131

7158

14584

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

3

4

6

13

Primary Schools

1

1

1

3

GPs

2

2

3

7

Community halls (sqm)

805

1,030

1,824

3,659

Libraries (sqm)

97

124

220

440

Parks and Gardens (ha)

2

2.6

4.8

9.4

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

2.6

3.3

5.8

11.66

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

1,154

1,477

2,615

5,245

Table A4.8: Grays and NE Grays (Zone D) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

D: Grays And NE Grays

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

1690

4991

4993

11674

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

1

5

4

10

Primary Schools

1

1

1

3

GPs

1

2

3

6

Community halls (sqm)

413

1,245

1,272

2,930

Libraries (sqm)

50

150

153

353

Parks and Gardens (ha)

1

3.2

3.3

7.5

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

1.3

4.0

4.1

9.3

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

592

1,785

1,824

4,200

Table A4.9: Tilbury and Chadwell St Mary (Zone E) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

E: Tilbury And Chadwell St Mary

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

660

1034

1610

3304

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

1

1

1

3

Primary Schools

0

0

1

1

GPs

0

1

1

2

Community halls (sqm)

161

258

410

829

Libraries (sqm)

19

31

49

100

Parks and Gardens (ha)

0.3

0.6

1

1.9

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

0.5

0.8

1.3

2.6

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

231

370

588

1,189

Table A4.10: Stanford le Hope, Corringham and East Tilbury (Zone F) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

F: Stanford Le Hope, Corringham And East Tilbury

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

449

1387

929

2765

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

0

1

1

2

Primary Schools

0

0

1

1

GPs

0

0

1

1

Community halls (sqm)

110

346

237

692

Libraries (sqm)

13

42

28

83

Parks and Gardens (ha)

0.2

0.8

0.5

1.5

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

0.3

1.1

0.8

2.2

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

157

496

339

992

Table A4.11: Rest of Borough, Green belt/ Villages (Zone G) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

G: Rest Of Borough, Green Belt/ Villages

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

55

56

0

111

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

0

0

0

0

Primary Schools

0

0

0

0

GPs

0

0

0

0

Community halls (sqm)

56

57

0

113

Libraries (sqm)

7

7

0

14

Parks and Gardens (ha)

2.5

0.1

0

2.6

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

0.2

0.2

0.0

0.3

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

80

82

0

162

A4.2.6 In Table A4. 12 below all the above infrastructure needs at neighbourhood (zone) level are summarised.

Table A4.12: Whole Borough (Zones A to G) Local Infrastructure Needs Trajectory 0 to 15 years

A to G Whole Borough

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

10301

19434

15454

45189

Early Years (pre-school facilities)

8

18

13

39

Primary Schools

3

4

4

11

GPs

5

9

9

23

Community halls (sqm)

2540

4871

3938

11349

Libraries (sqm)

306

587

473

1366

Parks and Gardens (ha)

8.4

12.3

10

30.7

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

8.1

15.5

12.6

36.2

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

3641

6985

5645

16271

A4.2.7 Tables A4.5 to A4.11 detail the local infrastructure requirements generated by the additional population in the District, but in planning for future provision account has to be taken of any existing surplus or deficit capacity. In Table A4. 13 below we set out the anticipated level of provision for local needs infrastructure, based on the existing population, and the current actual provision. The table then sets out the surplus / deficit when the existing situation and future needs are combined, minus any committed provision. A health warning should be added here. This table is indicative only and, for example, the overall number of primary schools is not as important as the capacity of individual schools and their location relative to demand. Similarly with community halls, these need to be located close to the communities they are to serve and therefore the indicated over supply does not mean that future development schemes will not have to provide a local community hall.

A4.2.8 From Table A4. 13 it can be seen that there is relatively limited spare capacity within the existing infrastructure.

Table A4.13: Local infrastructure needs of the existing and future population

A to G Whole Borough

ONS 2008 population based existing needs

Existing provision

Existing surplus / deficit (-)

Committed expenditure

Future needs

Overall surplus / deficit (-)

Population

151 580

         

Early Years (preschool
facilities)

131

95

-36

Equivalent of 1.5 facilities planned

39

-73

Primary Schools

37

43

6

Refurbishment of existing schools and matching capacity to demand.

11

-5

GPs

76

58

-18

 

23

41

Community halls (sqm)

37 896 (22 halls)

32

10

Refurbishment of existing halls

11 349 (6.5 halls)

4

Libraries (sqm)

4 548

10 Libraries

0

 

1 366

-1 366 (3 Libraries)

Parks and Gardens (ha)

100

62.12

-37.88

 

31

-69

Amenity Greenspace (ha)

121

--

--

 

36

-36

Children’s Play Space (sqm)

54 570

--

--

 

16 271

-16 271

NB -- indicates information not available

A4.2.9 The above table illustrates that the most pressing needs for new social infrastructure at neighbourhood level in Thurrock both current; and over the plan period, is early years pre-school facilities and children’s play space; together with adequate amenity green space and parks and gardens. This amply demonstrates the challenge which will be set by the intention to focus future growth in the already densely developed south west of the Borough. The current surplus of places at primary school level is broadly evened out over the plan period with a deficit of one unit recorded by 2021. The current shortage of GPs is largely corrected with plans for increases already identified. There is a current surplus of Community Halls which will reduce over the plan period though as for open space and primary schools, the main challenge will be locating these in suitable proximity to the communities they will serve.

A4.2.10 The infrastructure assessment is an ongoing process and to be updated throughout the plan period. Equally, each development application will be assessed against the capacity of infrastructure likely to be impacted by the development. More detailed assessments of provision against need can only be effective at a local planning level.

A4.2.11

Table A4.14 identifies those elements of infrastructure which will need provision at Borough wide level to service overall increases in population resulting from the housing trajectories above. The following assumptions have been applied to these calculations:

A4.2.12 Where relevant, provision has been rounded down to whole facilities, any arithmetical additions (e.g. 0.4 of a facility where the formula requires 2.4 facilities) being moved to the subsequent 5 year period to build a cumulative need.

  • 2608 additional children of secondary school age Borough wide, disaggregated to each zone proportionately with housing numbers. 1 secondary school can accommodate 1000 pupils;
  • 1 FE college generated at 25,000 population threshold, so 2 assumed for new population of c.45,000;
  • A polyclinic is assumed to accommodate 8 general practitioners;
  • Dentists reflect PCT estimate of need;
  • Sports hubs generated at 15,000 population threshold hence 2 committed within 10 years;
  • All emergency services based on needs assessments from relevant Service Providers.

Table A4.14: Infrastructure Needs Trajectory Borough wide for years 0 to 15

Thurrock Borough

0 to 5 yrs

6 to 10 yrs

11 to 15 yrs

Total

Population

10301

19434

15454

45189

New or Extended Secondary Schools

1

1

1

3

Further Education Establishments (new or extensions)

0

1

1

2

Health Centres/ Polyclinics

1

1

1

3

Dentists

2

3

3

8

Sports Hubs

1

1

0

2

Police Stations

1

0

0

1

Ambulance Stations

1

0

0

1

Fire Stations

0

0

0

0

Waste Disposal

0

0

1

1

A4.2.13 As with local infrastructure, surplus and deficits of borough wide infrastructure have been identified and are set out in Table A4. 15 below.

A4.2.14 The same caveats apply to Borough wide infrastructure as to local infrastructure. Capacity and location of individual facilities is more important than whether there is an arithmetic over or undersupply.

Table A4.15: Borough wide infrastructure needs of the existing and future population

Thurrock Borough

ONS 2008 population based existing needs

Existing provision

Existing surplus / deficit (-)

Committed expenditure

Future needs

Overal
surplus / deficit (-)

Population

151 580

 

 

 

 

 

New or Extended Secondary Schools

10

11

1

1 new school planned to serve Purfleet & West Thurrock

3

-1

Further Education Establishments (new or extensions)

6

4

-2

1 new campus for Palmer’s College; National Academy for Creative Arts (with the Royal Opera House); Logistics Academy; Thurrock Learning Campus

2

-2

Health Centres/ Polyclinics

9

15

6

 

3

3

Dentists

27

57

30

 

8

22

Sports Hubs

N/A

2

0

Hubs to be upgraded

upgrade

0*

Police Stations

N/A

5

0

 

1

-1

Ambulance Stations

N/A

2

0

 

1

-1

Fire Stations

N/A

3

0

 

0

0

*Additional Playing pitch provision subject to further assessment

A4.2.15 Table A4. 15 shows that for Borough level infrastructure there is almost no surplus capacity to utilise in the future. Apparent over supply of one Secondary School switches to a one facility deficit by 2021, while a current Further Education facility deficit remains to the end of the period. However the position regarding education provision is more complex than the table indicates because capacity in individual schools varies across the Borough, and it is possible that a proportion of future needs can be met through utilising capacity at individual schools. When an application is submitted a detailed assessment of the impact of a proposed development can be undertaken.

A4.2.16 An apparent surplus of health facilities currently reduces to a deficit to 2021, reflecting the changing needs of health care close to the population served. A current shortage of sports facilities in the Borough is forecast to increase overall, as will the deficit in dental treatment.

Appendix 5

Open Space Standards

Summary of proposed standards

The standards for the quality and quantity of opens spaces, sports and recreational facilities and accessibility for Thurrock can be derived from the Outdoor Strategy, Sports and Active Recreation Strategy and the Community Needs and Open Space Study and should be viewed alongside the standards below. The Layout and Standards SPD and Developer Contributions SPD will also set out detailed requirements.

 

Quantity standard

Quality standard

Accessibility standard

Parks, gardens and country parks

0.7Ha per 1000 population

Quality score of 45.4% Higher scoring parks should aspire to the Green Flag standard

Satellite park within 0.4Km Local park typically within 0.7Km Community park over 1.0Km Ideally each person should be within the catchment of each element of this hierarchy. Country parks – no accessibility standard is set

Natural and semi-natural greenspace

2.0Ha per 1000 population, according to a system of tiers into which sites of different sizes fit

Quality score of 42.8%

No person should live more than 300m from a natural accessible greenspace; There should be at least one accessible 20Ha site within 2Km of their home There should be at least one accessible 100Ha site within 5Km There should be at least one accessible 500Ha site within 10Km

Green corridors

 

PPG17 Companion Guide suggests that standards cannot be expressed but reference should be made to Greengrid Strategy

 

Amenity Greenspace

0.8 Ha per 1,000 population

Quality score of 64.5%

Space within 100m of home and without the need to cross a road.

Children’s Playing Space

1 piece of equipment for every 33 children aged 5 – 16, augmented by good quality amenity greenspace

Play space should be:

  • Reasonably close to home
  • Within sight of walking or cycling lines or main travel routes
  • In spaces with informal oversight from neighbours
  • In locations identified by children and young people as appropriate
  • Capable of being used for a variety of play activities
  • Embedded in the community
  • Providing encounters with the natural environment

Toddler play space with 1- 4 items within one minute walk.

Small equipped play space with 5-8 items within 5 minutes walk

Large equipped play space with 9 or more items within 15 minutes walk

Outdoor Sports

1.247ha/1000 population

Playing Pitches (Senior and Junior Football Pitches, Mini-Soccer Pitches, Cricket Pitches, Rugby Pitches (Junior & Senior))- 1.132 ha/1000 population

Synthetic Turf Pitches- 0.024 ha/1000 population

Multi-Use Games Areas (MUGAs)- At: 0.004 ha/1000 population

Bowling Greens- 0.028 ha/1000 population

Tennis Courts- 0.059 ha/1000 population

Athletics and Golf are not included in this standard

Athletic Outdoor synthetic track - (6 or 8 lanes) per 250,000 within 20 minutes drive time.

Golf- 0.71 holes per 1000 population

As determined by the appropriate sport governing body in relation to the type of sport and the level at which it is being played or aspired to

Guidance from Sport England and the main sports governing bodies suggests that the development of sport hubs and partnership agreements with existing teams and providers is the direction that should be pursued.

20 minutes travel time to a range of different sports facilities (urban – walk time) (rural – drive time)

Allotments

15 plots per 1000 households

Quality score of 60%

Everyone should live within at least one
catchment area, dependent on site size:
Over 100 plots – 1200m
50-100 plots – 900m
10 – 49 plots – 600m
1 – 9 plots – 300m

Churchyards and cemeteries

Sufficient to meet a demand for 150 - 175 graves per annum

Quality score of 51.5%

Charter for the Bereaved standards of quality and service

None.

Appendix 6

Relevant Maps

Indicative Proposals Map

Road Network Hierarchy Map

Location of Greengrid in Thurrock

Location of Landscape Character Areas in Thurrock

Location of Strategic Biodiversity Sites in Thurrock

Location of Listed Buildings, Schedules Ancient Monuments and Conservation Areas

Appendix 7

Superseded Policies

Under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (Transitional Provision) the policies in the Local Plan (Adopted 1997) were automatically saved for three years. The saved Local Plan Policies will be gradually replaced by Thurrock’s emerging Local Development Framework including the Core Strategy and Policies for Management of Development DPD, Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD, Minerals and Waste DPD once adopted. Some of the policies are also supplemented by various Supplementary Planning Documents. The Local Policies are not replaced by like for like policies but have either been fully or partly absorbed by various Core Strategy Policies. Some polices have not been carried forward.

The table below shows the list of saved Local Plan policies and how they will be replaced.

Policy Ref.

Policy Subject

How they will be replaced

BE1

Design of New Development

CSTP 22, PMD 2

BE2

Development Control Policies

PMD 1 – PMD 16

BE3

Urban Open Spaces

CSTP 20

BE4

Landscaping

CSTP 22, CSTP 23

BE7

Temporary Buildings

Not Carried Forward

BE9

Buffer Zones

Partly absorbed within PMD1

BE10

Infrastructure

CSSP 3, CSTP 33

BE11

Energy Efficiency

CSTP 26, PMD 12, PMD 13

BE16

Listed Buildings - Demolition

CSTP 24, PMD4

BE21

Historic Barns - Conversion to Alternative Use

Partly absorbed within PMD4, CSTP24

BE26

Development of Contaminated Land

PMD 1

GB1

The Green Belt in Thurrock

PMD 6

GB2

Design Considerations in the Green Belt

GB3

Replacement Dwellings

GB4

Established Residential Frontage

GB5

Extensions to Dwelling houses in the Green Belt

GB6

Extension of Residential Curtilages

GB9

Agricultural Land

CSTP 21

GB11

Re-Use and Adaptation of Buildings in the Green Belt

PMD6

GB13

Equestrian Facilities

LN1

Special Landscape Areas

Partly absorbed within PMD4, CSTP23

LN2

Landscape Improvements Areas

Partly absorbed within PMD4, CSTP23

LN3

Landscapes of Local Importance

Partly absorbed within PMD4, CSTP23

LN7

Thames Chase (The East London Community Forest)

Partly absorbed within PMD4, CSTP18, CSTP23

LN10

Protected Lanes

Partly absorbed within PMD1, CSTP18, CSTP23, PMD4

LN12

Development Proposals and Nature Conservation

CSTP 18, CSTP 19, Site Specific Allocation and Policies DPD, Partly absorbed within PMD 7

LN15

Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation

Areas of Local Nature Conservation Significance and

LN16

Ecological Corridors

LN16A

Thames Foreshore Ecological Corridor- Industrialised Areas

Partly absorbed within CSTP19, PMD 7

H3

Redevelopment of Non - Residential Land for Housing

Not Carried Forward

H5

Affordable Housing

CSTP 2

H6

Special Housing Needs

CSTP 1

H10

Residential Amenity

PMD 1

H11

Infill Development: Backland Development and Residential Precincts

Partly absorbed within CSTP22, PMD 1, PMD2

H12

Flat Conversions

Addressed in the Layout and Standards SPD

H13

Mobile Homes and Caravans Used as Dwellings

Not Carried Forward

H15

Gypsy Caravan Sites

CSTP 3

E1

Development within Primary Industrial and Commercial Areas

CSSP 2,CSTP 6, Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

E2

Land for New Industrial and Commercial Development in Primary Areas

E3

Development within Secondary Industrial and Commercial Areas

E4

Land for New Industrial and Commercial Development in Secondary Areas

E5

Development Outside Designated Industrial and Commercial Areas

Partly absorbed within PMD 1

E8

Oil Refineries

Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

E9

Oil and Chemical Storage

Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

E11

Grays Town Centre

CSSP 2,CSTP 6

E16

West Thurrock Power Station

Not Carried Forward

CF1

Existing Community Facilities

CSTP 10

CF2

Community Facilities in New Housing Developments

CF6

Existing Community Halls

CF8

Health and Social Services Facilities - General Provision

CSTP 11, Site Specific Allocation and Policies DPD

CF10

Health and Welfare Facilities - Care in the Community

SH1

Major Retail Developments

 

SH3

Grays Shopping Centre - Additional Retail Floorspace

CSSP 2,CSTP 6, CSTP 7, CSTP 8, Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

SH4

Grays Shopping Centre - Modernisation and Refurbishment

SH6

Existing Town Centres - Additional Retail Floorspace

SH7

Stanford-le-hope - Sandpits Redevelopment Area

Not Carried Forward

SH8

New Local Shopping Facilities

CSSP 2,CSTP 6, CSTP 7, CSTP 8 Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

SH10

Non-Retail Uses in District and Local Shopping Centres

Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD,

SH11

Non-Retail Uses in Neighbourhood Shopping Parades

SH12

Non-Retail Uses in Other Parades and Isolated Shops

LR1

Provision of New Indoor Sports Facilities

CSTP 9, PMD 5

LR2

Provision of District Sports Facilities at Blackshots

LR3

Commercial Entertainment Facilities

LR4

Provision of Additional Open Spaces

CSTP 20, PMD 5, Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

LR5

Retention of Existing Open Spaces

LR6

Open Space Provision in New Housing Developments

LR7

Children's Play Areas

CSTP 9, PMD 5

LR8

Rationalisation and Retention of Allotment Gardens

CSTP 12, PMD 5

LR10

Motor Sports

Partly absorbed within PMD 1

LR11

Water Sports

Partly absorbed within PMD 1

LR12

Motorised Air Sports

Partly absorbed within PMD 1

LR13

Shooting

Partly absorbed within PMD 1, PMD7

LR14

Golf

Partly absorbed within PMD 2, PMD 4, PMD7

LR15

Proposed Mardyke Country Park

Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

LR17

Extension of Footpath and Bridleway Networks

Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

T1

Balanced Transport Strategy

CSTP 14-CSTP17, PMD 9-PMD 11, Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

T2

New Road Building

T3

Road Improvements Schemes

T6

Traffic Management

T8

Existing and New Public Footpaths

T11

Cycleways

T15

Improved Passenger Interchange Facilities

T17

Railways - Passenger Facilities

T18

Railways - Freight Facilities

T19

Waterways - Passenger Facilities

T20

Waterways - Freight Facilities

T21

Tilbury Docks

Partly absorbed within CSTP28

RIV1

New Riverside Industrial and Commercial Development

Not Carried Forward

RIV1A

River Related Development - Tilbury A Generating Station Site

Not Carried Forward

RIV4

Riverside Rights of Way

Partly absorbed within CSTP 28

RIV5

Riverside Redevelopment and Building Line

Partly absorbed within CSTP 28

RIV6

Retention of Existing Riverside Open Space

Partly absorbed within PMD5

RIV7

Mucking and East Tilbury Marshes - Recreational Afteruse

Not Carried Forward

GTC2

Retention of the Older Built Fabric

Partly absorbed within CSTP 23, PMD4

GTC4

Development of Gateway Sites

Site Specific Allocations and Policies DPD

TIL5

Public Access to Open Space

CSTP 20

MLP1

Mineral Reserves

CSTP 31, CSTP 32

MLP2

Mineral Need

MLP3

Transportation

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP4

Non-Preferred Sites

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP5

Aggregate Recycling

CSTP 29, CSTP 30, Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP6

Site Considerations

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP7

Dredged Materials

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP8

Restoration and Agriculture

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP9

Working and Reclamation

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP10

Processing and Plant Buildings

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP11

Processing and Plant Buildings

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP12

Programming

Minerals and Waste DPD

MLP13

Development Control

Minerals and Waste DPD

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