Appendix 1 Policy Context

The relationship of the AAP to other Key Strategies and Policies

5.0 Regional Spatial Strategy

The AAP is being prepared in the context of Regional Spatial Strategy and other Statutory Plans. It also takes account of the RSS Phase 2 Revision Preferred Option. It is in general conformity with these.

5.1 Core Strategies

Both Birmingham and Bromsgrove are still preparing their Core Strategies. However in view of the urgent need to secure the regeneration of Longbridge following the collapse of MG Rover, both local authorities agreed to prepare this AAP in advance of their core strategies.

5.2 Birmingham Unitary Development Plan 2005

This is the statutory development plan for the whole of Birmingham, including the northern part of the AAP area. This plan was adopted on October 11 2005. The Longbridge AAP is in conformity with the policies in the Part 1 of the UDP (with the exception of part of para 6.30). It will however replace the policies and proposals that relate to the MG Rover Plant at Longbridge in part 2 of the UDP.

5.3 Bromsgrove District Local Plan 2004 and Worcestershire Structure Plan 1996-2011.

These documents form the statutory development plan for the southern part of the AAP area that lies within Bromsgrove. The lack of an up to date local plan for Bromsgrove means it is intended that the AAP is linked strategically to the RSS until the core strategy for Bromsgrove emerges.

Some polices contained within the Local Plan and Structure Plan will be used for development control purposes although the main policy base for the East Works and Cofton Centre sites is contained within this AAP.

5.4 List of UDP policies to be superseded by the Longbridge AAP

  • Para 19.8 - second bullet point. Delete “to continued investment in the MG Rover Longbridge Para 19.19B - delete “Plant, and to the”.
  • Para 19.9 - delete “including the reopening of the line of the old Longbridge to Halesowen railway to serve Rubery and Frankley”.
  • Para 19.9A - delete “as identified in the Longbridge Framework”.
  • Para 19.19 - delete.
  • Para 19.19A - delete.
  • Para 19.19B - delete.
  • Para 19.19C - delete.
  • Para 19.19D - delete.
  • Para 19.35 - delete first sentence.
  • Chapter 19 - List of proposals. Delete “passenger rail services are proposed to be re-introduced to serve Rubery and Frankley, and”.
  • Para 6.30 - delete “Rubery and Frankley including park and ride facilities, and”.
  • Figure 6.1 - delete reference to Possible introduction of passenger services between Longbridge and Frankley/Rubery.

5.5 Other policies/proposals superseded

LTP policies

Rail link to Frankley.

 

Appendix 2 Baseline and Technical Studies

AAP Bus Strategy.

AAP Rail Strategy.

Community Infrastructure Baseline Report.

Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Baseline Report.

Design and Landscape Appraisal.

Ecology Baseline Report.

Equality Impact Needs Assessment.

Employment Land Baseline Report.

Existing Services, Utilities and Infrastructure Baseline Report.

Geo-Technical Baseline Report.

Housing Baseline Report.

River Rea Baseline Report.

Open Space, Sport and Recreation Baseline Report.

Socio-Economic Baseline Report.

Sport and Recreation Baseline Report.

Transport Infrastructure Baseline Report.

Transport Summary Report.

Travel Demand Strategy.

Traffic Modelling Report.

Travel Management Strategy.

Viability and Deliverability Baseline Report.

Retail Assessment Baseline Report.

Retail Assessment Technical Note.

Sustainability Appraisal and Supporting Appendices Report.

 

Appendix 3 Car Parking Standards

The following standards are maximum levels.

7.0 Residential Parking

Private houses - 1.5 spaces per dwelling.

Town houses - 1 space per dwelling.

Flats - 0.7 spaces per dwelling.

Affordable houses - 1 space per dwelling.

Affordable flats - 0.5 spaces per dwelling.

7.1 Employment uses

Office uses including the Regional Investment site 1 space per 50 sq.m. gross.

General Industry and Warehousing 1 space per 60 sq.m. gross.

7.2 Retail uses

Retail class A1, A2 - 1 space per 30 sq.m.

For further information on parking requirements and travel demand measures see Travel Management Strategy.

 

Appendix 4 Glossary of Terms

 

Term

Abbreviation

Meaning

Active Frontages

 

Active frontages are frontages with main doors and windows - including glazed store frontages- at street level adjoining the public realm and highways to allow activity, natural surveillance and overlooking.

Advantage West Midlands

AWM

The Regional Development Agency for the West Midlands.

Affordable Housing

 

Affordable housing to include the following:

  • social rented housing
  • shared ownership housing
  • intermediates rented housing
  • housing for discount sale
  • other arrangements where occupancy is open only to eligible households and the subsidy to be either maintained or recycled.

Allocation

 

The use assigned to a piece of land in a development plan document.

Area Action Plan

 

A type of Development Plan Document focused upon a specific location or an area subject to conservation or significant change (for example major regeneration).

Biodiversity

 

The whole variety of life encompassing all genetic, species and ecosystem variations.

BREEAM Excellent Standard

 

BRE Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) promoting high environmental standards.

Carbon Neutral

 

A carbon footprint is a “measure of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of green house gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide”.

Central Technology Belt

 

Corridor of High Technology Development extending from the Aston Science Park along the A38 to Malvern Science Park and including the Pebble Mill University Science Park.

Centro

 

Centro is the corporate name of the West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive. It is responsible for promoting and developing public transport across the West Midlands metropolitan area.

Code for Sustainable Homes

 

A new national standard for sustainable design and construction of new homes launched in December 2006.

Community Strategy

 

Strategies for enhancing the quality of life of the local community which each local authority has a duty to prepare under the Local Government Act 2000. They will be developed and implemented by a local strategic partnership and should include: a long term vision; shared commitments to; and proposals for; implementation; and arrangements for monitoring and review.

Comparison Retail

 

Retail items not bought on a frequent basis, for example televisions and white goods (fridges, dishwashers etc).

Conservation Area

 

Areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Convenience Retail

 

Everyday essential items, such as food.

Corridor

 

Area linking two or more centres normally focused around transport infrastructure.

Cycle Route

 

An integrated network of both on- and off-road routes to facilitate an easier and safer journey for cyclists

Density

 

In the case of residential development, a measurement of either the number of habitable rooms per hectare or the number of dwellings per hectare.

Development Plan Document

DPD

Development Plan Documents are prepared by local planning authorities and outline the key development goals of the local development framework.

Development Plan Documents include the core strategy, site-specific allocations of land and, where needed, area action plans. There will also be an adopted proposals map which illustrates the spatial extent of policies that must be prepared and maintained to accompany all DPDs.

All DPDs must be subject to rigorous procedures of community involvement, consultation and independent examination, and adopted after receipt of the inspector’s binding report. Once adopted, development control decisions must be made in accordance with them unless material considerations indicate otherwise.

DPDs form an essential part of the Local Development Framework.

Eco Centre

 

Exemplar “green developments”. They will meet the highest standards of sustainability, including low and zero carbon technologies and quality public transport systems. They will lead the way in design, facilities and services, and community involvement.

Employment Hub

 

A focal point for jobs and training, advice and guidance related to major development, involving partner agencies e.g. local Access to Employment groups.

Employment Land

 

Land allocated in a Development Plan for business (B1), industrial (B2) and storage (B8) uses.

Environmental Impact Assessment

EIA

Procedure and management technique that the likely effects of new development on the environment are fully appraised and taken into account before the development is allowed to go ahead.

Equality Impact Needs Assessment

EINA

A process for assessing how a Council policy affects communities and ensuring that no group within the community is adversely affected by the policy.

Flood Plain

 

Land adjacent to a watercourse over which water flows, or would flow but for defences in place, in times of flood.

Government Office of the West Midlands

GOWM

Provide advice on Development Plan procedures, Government Policy, and the appropriate content of plans policies and proposals.

Green Belt

 

A designation for land around certain cities and large built-up areas, which aims to keep this land permanently open or largely undeveloped. The purposes of the green belt is to:

  • check the unrestricted sprawl of large built up areas
  • prevent neighbouring towns from merging
  • safeguard the countryside from encroachment
  • preserve the setting and special character of historic towns
  • assist urban regeneration by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land

Gross Retail Floor Space

 

The area ascertained by the total internal measurement of the floor space, including all areas allocated for storage.

Growth Agenda

 

Intended to stimulate housing growth and renewal over a wide area and will support the development of growth proposals for Birmingham and the wider city-region.

Hi-tech (or High Tech) Industry

 

Intended to stimulate housing growth and renewal over a wide area and will support the development of growth proposals for Birmingham and the wider city-region.

Hi-tech (or High Tech) Industry

 

Advances manufacturing, computing or other state of the art industry (e.g. biotechnology)

High Technology Corridors

HTC’s

Specific corridors identified, within which cluster development closely related to the regions critical research and development capabilities and advanced technologies, will be promoted

Index Linked

 

An adjustment (to the sum of monies paid) in accordance with any proportional income in the Building Cost Information Service All in Tender Price Index published by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors to be

Landscape Protection Area

 

Local designations of areas where it is considered that the character of the countryside and the quality of the landscape merits special protection.

Lifetime Homes Standards

 

Lifetime Homes have sixteen design features that ensure a new house or flat will meet the needs of most households. The accent is on accessibility and design features that make the home flexible enough to meet whatever comes along in life: a teenager with a broken leg, a family member with serious illness, or parents carrying in heavy shopping and dealing with a pushchair.

Local Development Document

LDD

This comprises DPDs, the Statement of Community Involvement Development Plan Document and Supplementary Planning Document which together form the planning policies for Birmingham and Bromsgrove.

Local Development Framework

LDF

The Folder of LDD’s, which will be the replacement to the Birmingham Unitary Development Plan and Bromsgrove District Local Plan.

Local Nature Reserve

 

Statutory reserve designated for educational and amenity purposes by the local planning authority in liaison with English Nature.

Local Transport Plan

LTP

Is the document that sets out the transport strategy for Birmingham and the West Midlands, and is the means by which the City Council and County bids for Government funding for transport improvements.

Longbridge Infrastructure Tariff

LIT

A tariff on new developments to support infrastructure delivery in a sustainable way.

Major Investment Site

MIS

Sites to accommodate large scale investment by single users with an international location choice. Designed to help diversify and restructure the Regional economy.

Major Urban Areas

MUA’s

The focus of Urban Renaissance, which will underpin the spatial strategy. There are 4 MUAs in the West Midlands: Birmingham, The Black Country, Coventry and the North Staffordshire Conurbation.

Material Recycling Facility

MRF

A special ‘sorting’ facility where mixed recyclables are separated into individual materials prior to despatch to reprocessors who wash and prepare the materials for manufacturing into new recycled products.

Mixed Use Development

 

A new development that makes provision for a variety of uses - e.g. residential, retail and business. An example of this might be the Mailbox in Birmingham.

Net Retail Floor Space

 

The area ascertained by the internal measurement of the floor space used for residential sales.

Paleo-environmental

 

Deposits which contain remains of environments of past environments conditions – indicated by pollen, vegetation etc. These may show indirect evidence of human activity.

Park & Ride

 

Long stay parking areas at the edge of a built up area linked by frequent public transport links to the city centre.

Planning Policy Guidance Note/Planning Policy Statement

PPG/PPS

Document prepared and issued by Central Government setting out its policy and different aspects of planning. Local authorities must take their content into account in the production of development plans

Preferred Option

 

Sets out the Authorities suggested policy directions together with relevant issues, proposals and alternative approaches.

Pre-Submission Consultation Statement

 

Sets out how the City Council has involved the community and key stakeholders in preparing the Area Action Plan.

Primary Route Network

PRN

Motorways, Trunk Roads and other primary routes identified to be of strategic importance.

Regional Business Brokerage

 

A seamless service to employers that fully integrates Generalist Business brokerage and Specialist Skills brokerage Service.

Regional Economic Strategy

RES

10 year economic strategy prepared by Advantage West Midlands to maximise the opportunity for sustainable economic growth in the West Midlands.

Regional Investment Site

RIS

High quality, regionally identified sites of 25-50ha attractive to external investment designed to support the diversification and modernisation of the regional economy especially in relation to the Region’s cluster priorities.

Regional Spatial Strategy

RSS

A strategy for how a region should look in 15 to 20 years time and possibly longer. The Regional Spatial Strategy identifies the scale and distribution of new housing in the region, indicates areas for regeneration, expansion or sub-regional planning and specifies priorities for the environment, transport, infrastructure, economic development, agriculture, minerals and waste treatment and disposal. Most former Regional Planning Guidance is now considered RSS and forms part of the development plan. Regional Spatial Strategies are prepared by Regional Planning Bodies.

S.106 Agreement

 

A Section 106 agreement is a legal agreement “intended to make acceptable development which would otherwise be unacceptable in planning terms” (ODPM Circular 05/2005). These agreements derive from section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990. In short, it either requires the developer to do something, or restricts what can be done with the land following the granting of planning permission.

Site of Importance for Nature Conservation

SINC

Statutory designation for sites of county or district interest identified by English Nature.

Site of Local Importance for Nature Conservation

SLINC

Non-statutory designation for sites of nature conservation interest of lower quality than SINC’s identified by Urban Wildlife Trust.

Spatial Planning

 

Spatial planning goes beyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they function.

Statement of Community Involvement

SCI

The Statement of Community Involvement sets out the processes to be used by the local authority in involving the community in the preparation, alteration and continuing review of all local development documents and development control decisions.

Strategic Employment Site

 

A key employment site in a strategic location capable of accommodating major investment, often of national or regional significance.

Strategic Transport Infrastructure

 

Future major transport infrastructure in Birmingham and the wider area.

Superstores

 

Superstores are self-service stores selling mainly food, or food and non-food goods with more than 2,500sq.m. trading floorspace.

Supplementary Planning Document

SPD

A Supplementary Planning Document is a Local Development Document that may cover a range of issues, thematic or site specific, and provides further detail of policies and proposals in a ‘parent’ Development Plan Document.

Supplementary Planning Guidance

SPG

Supplementary Planning Guidance may cover a range of issues, both thematic and site specific and provide further detail of policies and proposals in a development plan.

These documents have been produced and adopted having gone through a procedure involving public consultation but are not statutory documents.

Sustainable

 

The yield of natural resource that can be produced continually from generation to generation, without depleting the resource.

Sustainable Development

 

Development that meets the needs of present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own need needs.

Sustainable Urban Drainage System

SUDS

Surface water drainage methods that take account of quantity, quality and amenity issues are collectively referred to as Sustainable Drainage Systems (SUDS).

Sustainability Appraisal

SA

Identifies and evaluate the effect plan/proposals and strategies will have in social, environmental and economic characteristics terms. This will incorporate any requirements for Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) arising from European Legislation.

Technology Park

 

Advanced manufacturing, computing or other state of the art industry (e.g. biotechnology)

Unitary Development Plan

UDP

The Unitary Development Plan for Birmingham adopted in 2005 continues to be the statutory plan for Birmingham.

Appendix 5 Other Sources of Funding

To ensure that all financial opportunities are explored to support the sustainable development of Longbridge, the local authorities, in conjunction with other key stakeholders, are pursuing other sources of funding than developer contributions. These monies could be used to add additional value to the delivery of community infrastructure projects and/or:

a) bridge any scheme viability gap; and
b) part-fund community infrastructure projects, which may not otherwise be fully delivered following a review of the viability of planning applications.

  • A project proposal has been submitted under the Regional Funding Advice (RFA) for £50m, which aims to deliver an integrated approach that covers housing and regeneration, economic development and transport activities.
  • Partnerships element of the new Homes and Communities Agency regarding potentially part funding remediation, site infrastructure and servicing costs to assist in bridging the current scheme viability gap.
  • The Housing Corporation (HC) element of the Homes and Communities Agency has also indicated an interest in potentially funding the difference in construction costs between Code for Sustainable Homes Level 3 and Level 4 on affordable housing. HC funding may be available for meeting affordable housing targets beyond 35% depending on circumstances.
  • Monies may be available through existing transportation programmes of work to support transport improvements in the Longbridge area. This could include contributions towards traffic management, junction and pedestrian signal upgrades, cycling improvements and public transport infrastructure.
  • There is a wide range of potential funding options (including Lottery and Central Government) which may be available to part fund or add value to community infrastructure provision. These types of funding options should be fully explored in the development of the delivery plan for Longbridge.
  • The existence of the AAP is likely to have a positive impact in providing a strategic focus for funding and attracting other types of investment including public sector contributions towards new buildings and major capital schemes, such as Bournville College.

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