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A1 Uses – Shops and other high street uses.

A2 Uses – Financial and professional services available to the general public such as Accountants, Solicitors, Building Societies and Banks.

A3 Uses – Food and Drink including restaurants and hot food takeaways.

Accessible Environments – Environments which are accessible to all members of the community, including the young, the elderly, those with disabilities and people with prams and buggies.

Affordable Floorspace – Business units provided by developers to be managed by the Borough Council at affordable rents.

Agricultural Land Classification – The Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food produces a classification of the relative value of soils for agricultural use called the Agricultural Land Classification. The highest grades are 1, 2 and 3a, with the least productive being 3b, 4 and 5.

Ancient Woodland – Woodland sites which have had a continuous cover of native trees and plants since at least 1600AD.

AGLV – Area of Great Landscape Value. Designated area of landscape value, important at the County level.

Area of Special Restraint – Policy area drawn around the urban area to prevent coalescence between villages and also between surrounding villages and the urban area.

B1 Uses – Business including main offices, high tech and light industry.

B2 Uses – General industrial development.

B8 Uses – Storage and distribution including warehousing.

Bedford Transport Development Plan – A new road within the urban area to relieve congestion around the centre of Bedford and improvements to others, together with associated public transport and cycling provision.

Conservation Area Partnership – A scheme covering the central part of Bedford Conservation Area which targeted resources towards the repair of selected buildings and environmental enhancement schemes.

Commuting – Journeys to and from work whether by road, rail of other forms of transport.

Comparison Shopping – Goods such as clothes and electrical equipment, for which the consumer generally expects to direct time and effort into visiting a range of shops before making a choice.

Conservation Areas – Under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, local planning authorities are able to designate as conservation areas any "areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance."

Convenience Shopping – Goods such as food, newspapers and drink, which tend to be purchased regularly and for which convenience of purchase is therefore important.

County Wildlife Sites – Wildlife sites of County importance designated following a Habitat survey conducted by the Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire Wildlife Trust. County Wildlife Sites were previously known as Prime Sites of Nature Conservation Interest.

Development Briefs – Prepared by the Borough Council as a detailed statement of its planning policies for a particular site and its aspirations in terms of uses, layout and design principles.

Discount Foodstores – Stores selling a limited range of goods at discount prices.

District Centres – Groups of shops separate from the town centre, usually containing at least one food supermarket or superstore and non retail services such as banks, building societies and restaurants.

English Heritage – The Government's statutory advisors on matters affecting the historic built environment.

Environment Agency – The agency which carries out the duties of the former National Rivers Authority, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Pollution and Local Authorities in respect of Waste Regulation.

Environmental Appraisal – The process of considering the environmental implications of particular policies and proposals.

Environmental Impact Assessment – Under Town and Country Planning (Assessment of Environmental effects) Regulations 1988 (as amended), scheduled development proposals, for which planning permission is sought, must submit a statement assessing its environmental impact.

Evening Economy – Use of the town centre for a range of leisure and recreation uses after normal shopping hours.

Fall in – Development on housing sites which cannot be predicted far in advance but for which an allowance is made in development plans.

Farm Diversification – Government policy which encourages farmers to consider alternative uses for their land and buildings as a means of reducing agricultural surpluses and creating a more varied rural economy.

Financial and Professional Services – Non-retail (A2) uses as set out under the Use Classes Order. This principally relates to offices, building societies and banks.

First Order Villages– Settlements with a good range of facilities and community provision which subject to constraints may have capacity to accommodate development.

Forest of Marston Vale – One of twelve Community Forests being established throughout England by the Countryside Commission and Forestry Authority. These multi-purpose forests on the edge of towns and cities will provide opportunities for recreation, forestry, education and the creation of wildlife habitats.

Global Warming – The perceived threat to the world's climate caused by an increase in greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane which trap the sun's heat, raising the temperature of the atmosphere.

Gateways – Areas where environmental improvement is desirable to improve entries into the town.

Housing Associations – Organisations which aim to develop or provide housing for those unable to afford market prices/rents.

Housing Provision – The amount of new housing to be provided to meet predicted needs over a particular plan period.

Important Open Spaces – Designated areas where development will not be permitted in view of their importance to the history and identity of a settlement or their role in creating gaps and views.

Integrated Transport Strategy – Transport proposals jointly adopted by the Borough and County Councils to meet the Borough's needs over the next 10-20 years.

Listed Buildings – Under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation areas) Act 1990, the Secretary of State for National Heritage has a statutory duty to compile lists of buildings of special architectural or historic interest. Graded I, II* or II to reflect their importance, permission is required for works which may affect their character or appearance.

Living Over The Shop – A scheme which seeks to convert empty space over shops to residential accommodation.

Local Centre – A small grouping of shops usually including a newsagent, a general grocery store, a sub post office, a pharmacy and other small shops of a local nature.

Local Needs Housing – Low cost housing in villages likely to cater for existing residents who need separate accommodation, those whose work requires them to live locally or people who have long standing links with the community.

Local Nature Reserves – Areas of land which are of significant nature conservation value at local level.

Mixed use development – In the past there has been a tendency to define areas of single land uses. Mixed use development promotes the integration and diversity of land uses which has benefits such as reducing the need to travel and deterring criminal activity by generating different activities at different times of the day.

Mobility Housing – Housing which in addition to having the features of visibility housing is designed specifically for disabled residents. It is likely to comprise single storey dwellings for small households.

NPFA – National Playing Fields Association

Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest – Parks and gardens appearing on the register drawn up by English Heritage under the National Heritage Act 1983.

Primary Shopping Area – The area where Class A1 Uses (shops) predominate.

Primary Shopping Frontage – The key shopping frontages within the primary shopping area.

Proposals Map – The map or maps on which local plan policies and proposals are illustrated.

Regional Planning Guidance – Issued by the Department of the Environment as a guide for the preparation of Structure and Local Plans.

River Protection Area – Area designated to preserve landscape character and wildlife habitats in the riverine areas of the Borough.

Second Order Villages – Settlements with a recognisable built up character and basic facilities which subject to constraints may have limited capacity to accommodate development in the form of infill and small sites.

Settlement Policy Area – A line drawn around a village to mark the limit of development.

Scheduled Ancient Monuments – Under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979, the Secretary of State for National Heritage is required to compile and maintain a schedule of monuments of national importance. The monuments are statutorily protected in a similar way to listed buildings.

SSSI – Site of Special Scientific Interest: Statutorily notified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 as being nationally important sites of special nature conservation interest. SSSI's may include wildlife habitats, geological features and landforms.

Structure Plan – A Structure Plan is a strategic planning document which establishes the broad planning principles applicable within a County's administrative area. County Councils are required by law to prepare Structure Plans.

Sustainable Development – Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

This Common Inheritance – Government White Paper identifying the need for planning authorities to ensure that their local plans take environmental considerations comprehensively and consistently into account.

Town Cramming – A term used to describe the result of the incremental loss of vital resources such as open space and the overdevelopment of urban sites.

TPO – Tree Preservation Order. In the interests of amenity a local planning authority may make a TPO in order to preserve a tree or group of trees by prohibiting their cutting down, lopping or wilful destruction without prior consent.

Traffic Calming – Highway measures designed to slow traffic speed or redirect traffic to more suitable routes in an attempt to reduce accidents, congestion and pollution in the local environment.

Trunk Road Programme – Produced by the Department of Transport. Sets out priorities for trunk road investment.

Urban Fringe – The demarcation between the built up area and the open countryside.

Vitality and viability – Essential elements in the stability and future prosperity of town centres. They stem not only from a variety of retail uses but from the range and quality of activities in town centres and their accessibility to people.

Wildlife Corridors – Links between habitats, in both the town and countryside which can be utilised by wildlife. Includes tributaries, footpaths, tree belts, tracks, hedgerows, road verges and railways.

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