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C / ENVIRONMENTAL APPRAISAL

INTRODUCTION

C.1 Since its inception the planning system has weighed the benefits of economic development against its impact on amenity. From the 1947 Planning Act onwards planning legislation has been extended and strengthened increasing its effectiveness with the emphasis on control of development in the local environment. In more recent times closer attention has turned to the longer-term implications of continuing development and expansion. There has been a recognition that this cannot continue ad infinitum without catastrophic consequences.

C.2 Arising from the Planning & Land Compensation Act of 1991, there is now a formal obligation for environmental considerations to be taken into account in the preparation of development plans. This was recently followed by the need to take into account the conservation of wildlife resources and the landscape. Concerns now embrace wider environmental issues such as global warming, bio-diversity and depletion of natural resources.

C.3 International concerns about the environment found their expression in 1987 with the World Commission on Environment and Development (Bruntland Commission), which promoted the concept of sustainable development. The Commission provided the most commonly accepted definition of sustainable development:

‘development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’.

C.4 This seeks to avoid the exhaustion and pollution of the world’s resources by careful management and wherever possible by the use of renewable resources.

C.5 The Government’s commitment to the principle of sustainable development was declared in its white paper of 1990 ‘This Common Inheritance’. In 1992 the United Nation’s Conference on the Environment and Development (The Earth Summit) at Rio de Janeiro adopted a declaration to make future development sustainable. A number of agreements were reached on the following:

  • sustainability, published as Agenda 21;

  • climatic change to combat global warming;

  • biodiversity to protect species and habitats; and,

  • the management of woodlands and forests.

C.6 Agenda 21 called on governments to prepare national strategies for sustainable development. The UK Government’s strategy is intended to provide for the nation’s needs for food, mineral extraction, the provision of new homes and other buildings while pursuing environmental objectives.

C.7 In Britain, the planning system is seen as a key instrument in the pursuit of sustainable development. It is to fulfil this role by delivering land use and development objectives that are compatible with the principles of sustainability. Environmental appraisal helps to ensure that the local plan process achieves this end.

C.8 The appraisal is a means of identifying, quantifying, weighing up and reporting on environmental costs and benefits. The purpose of the appraisal is not to examine the plan in any detail but to show that environmental considerations have been incorporated into the plan. The appraisal should demonstrate how the policies of the plan affect specific elements of the environment.

C.9 It is virtually impossible to carry out development without there being some adverse effects on the environment. Accordingly the appraisal will inevitably show some adverse impacts. Undertaking the appraisal exercise will bring a heightened awareness of these and provides a means of making a judgement on the best way of reducing effects on the environment.

C.10 This Local Plan has been drawn up according to the principles of sustainable development and environmental conservation. The Council’s aim has been to produce a plan which gives the emphasis to environmental considerations to protect both the local interests and to take global issues into account.

THE APPRAISAL

C.11 The application of environmental appraisal to local plans is a new science with no tried and tested precedents. Under these conditions scope exists for undertaking the appraisal exercise in a variety of ways. However, the methodology chosen has to be simple and clear. It was decided to appraise this plan chapter by chapter presenting the results in a matrix for each, showing the effect of each policy against 15 environmental criteria.

C.12 These are found across the top of the tables and are defined in the table at the end of the appendix. The symbols indicating the types of impact, beneficial, adverse etc. are allocated on a balanced consideration of each policy’s effect. Many are straightforward but a number are complicated. For example, development in a rural location could bring about a loss of some trees or landscaping, but this could be more than compensated by extensive new tree planting resulting in a net benefit. There has been no weighting of impacts; both small and large impacts are shown the same way in the matrices.

C.13 While considering the impact of policies it should be remembered that their implementation will be influenced by other policies, eg. housing proposals also being subject to policies on the environment and other subject areas. Accordingly the adverse effects of some policies shown individually on the matrices may not be as negative as first indicated, or even may not materialise when implemented. Because of the innumerable variations that could occur these possibilities are not reflected in the matrices.

C.14 Environmental appraisal has proven a valuable tool in the preparation of the Local Plan. The principle of sustainability underlies the plan and this has had a beneficial effect on its appraisal. The plan provides for the housing, employment and other needs for the Borough between the years 1996 and 2001. Meeting these needs will inevitably have some adverse effects on the environment and these are reflected in matrices dealing with development proposals.

C.15 As can be expected, policies promoting the preservation and enhancement of the natural and built environment and those encouraging more sustainable transport and land use patterns indicate positive impacts. The relatively high positive profile achieved overall reflects the adoption of the principle of sustainability while drawing up the plan.

ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA – DEFINITIONS

Global Sustainability
1 & 2 Transport, trip and mode

Number and length of vehicle trips and mode, eg. car, bus, train, cycle, walking. Greatest efficiency is achieved by public modes, cycling and walking.

3 Energy efficiency, built environment

Energy used by buildings, both in construction and day to day use. Energy can be saved by recycling materials, reusing buildings, avoiding frost pockets, windy sites, using shelter belts and maximising solar gain.

4 Renewable energy

The use of natural sources of energy, eg. wind, water, biofuel.

5 CO2 Fixing

The use of trees, especially broadleaves, to lock up carbon dioxide, achieved by using every opportunity to increase tree cover.

6 Habitat

The protection, enhancement and increase in the number of habitats increase the opportunities to preserve and increase the number of plant and animal species.

Natural Resources
7 Air

The main pollution sources are traffic, industry and power stations. Patterns of land use can influence its generation and impact.

8 Water

Land uses and detailed controls can influence the quality of water resources.

9 Land and soil

Development patterns influence the conservation of the best quality agricultural land and the reclamation of polluted or derelict land.

10 Minerals

Conservation of resources through recycling of materials and buildings and keeping reserves free of development.

Local Environment
11 Landscape

Minimise developments affecting the countryside and valued landscapes. Implement improvements through reclamation and community forests.

12 Urban Environment

The quality of life in towns and villages influenced by promoting secure environments, quiet suburbs and villages and vital town centres.

13 Cultural Heritage

The protection and enhancement of historic buildings and places, archaeological and geological sites.

14 Open space

The conservation of open spaces and countryside for public access.

15 Building Quality

High levels of building maintenance, renewal and occupancy.

Chapter 2

Borough Strategy

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

S1

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

?

?

0

S2

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

0

0

S3

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

S4

8

3

3

3

8

8

8

U

?

8

3

8

8

3

3

S5

0

3

0

0

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

0

?

0

                               

S6

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

0

S7

8

8

0

0

0

8

8

0

8

?

8

?

0

3

0

S8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

S9

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

STRATEGY SUMMARY

Given imposed development requirements the Strategy seeks a spatial distribution of development consistent with sustainability ideals.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 3

Natural Environment

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

NE1

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

NE2

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

NE3

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

NE4

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

?

0

?

0

NE5

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

                               

NE6

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

NE7

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

?

0

NE8

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

?

3

0

3

0

0

?

0

NE9

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

?

0

NE10

0

0

0

0

0

3

?

0

0

0

3

?

0

?

0

                               

NE11

?

?

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

3

0

NE12

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

NE13

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

NE14

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

?

0

3

0

?

0

0

NE15

0

0

0

0

?

3

0

?

?

0

3

?

0

?

0

                               

NE16

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

?

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

NE17

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

NE18

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

?

3

0

3

0

NE19

0

0

0

0

0

?

0

0

3

0

3

0

3

0

?

NE2O

0

0

0

0

?

?

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

?

0

                               

NE21

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

?

3

3

?

?

?

NE22

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

NE23

0

0

0

0

?

3

3

?

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

NE24

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

?

0

0

3

0

NE25

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

3

0

0

3

0

0

0

                               

NE26

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

NE27

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

?

0

0

0

0

0

0

NE28

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

3

?

0

0

0

NE29

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

0

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT SUMMARY

This Chapter sets out to protect the Borough's natural environment with policies on the preservation of irreplaceable and valued habitats, woodlands and other landscape features to sustain biodiversity.

Policies giving encouragement to new landscaping and the improvement of land left derelict are included.

Protection is sought for the best of the rural landscape and the best agricultural land. The quality of important natural resources is protected with policies aimed at the control of pollution of land, water and air.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 4

Built Environment

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

BE1

3

0

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

BE2

3

0

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

BE3

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

3

3

BE4

3

0

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

BE5

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

                               

BE6

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

0

3

U

0

0

0

0

BE7

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

BE8

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

BE9

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

BE10

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

                               

BE11

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

BE12

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE13

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE14

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE15

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

                               

BE16

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

BE17

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE18

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE19

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE20

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

                               

BE21

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

BE22

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE23

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE24

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

BE25

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

                               

BE26

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

BE27

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

BE28

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

BE29

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

BE30

0

3

3

0

3

3

3

3

3

0

0

3

3

0

3

                               

BE31

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

BE32

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

BE33

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

BE34

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

BE34a

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

BE35

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

                               

BE36

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

BE37

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

BE38

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

BE39

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

BE40

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

                               

BE41

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

BE42

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

BE43

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

3

BE44

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

BE45

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

                               

BE46

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

BE47

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

BE48

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

BE49

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

BUILT ENVIRONMENT SUMMARY

This Chapter promotes a mixed and sustainable land use pattern, and energy efficiency in buildings. Policies cover the protection of the Borough's heritage, including valued buildings and public spaces, rural settlement character and landscape. Allied to these are policies that encourage improved development standards, community safety and access for all members of the community in the built environment.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 5

Housing

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

H1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

0

H2

3

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

3

0

0

3

?

3

0

H3

3

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

H4

3

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

H5

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H6

3

3

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H7

3

3

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H8

3

3

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H9

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

3

3

H10a

3

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H10b

3

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H11

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H12

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H13

3

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H14

3

3

3

0

3

3

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

3

0

H15

8

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H16

8

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

0

3

3

3

3

3

H17

8

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

0

?

3

0

3

0

H18

8

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

8

0

3

3

0

3

0

H19

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

H20

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H21

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H22

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

H23

8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

H24

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

H25

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H26

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

0

H27

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

H28

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

H29

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

H30

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H31

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

H32

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

H33

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

H34

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

H35

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H36

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

H37

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

H38

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

H39

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

HOUSING SUMMARY

The key positive impacts are on trip efficiency, mode efficiency, CO2 fixing, habitats, the urban enviroment and public access to open space. The effect on energy efficiency is difficult to predict.

This depends on the implementation of the development principles. Similarly the effect on air quality is difficult to assess.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 6
Employment & Tourism

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

E1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

8

3

0

0

0

E2

3

3

0

0

3

0

?

0

0

0

8

3

?

0

0

E3

3

3

0

0

0

3

?

0

0

0

8

3

0

0

0

E4

3

3

0

0

3

0

?

0

0

0

8

3

0

0

0

E5

3

3

0

0

3

0

?

0

0

0

8

3

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E7

8

8

8

0

3

3

8

0

8

0

8

0

0

3

0

E9

3

3

0

0

3

?

8

0

3

0

3

U

0

3

3

E10

3

3

0

0

3

?

8

0

3

0

3

U

0

3

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E11

8

8

3

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

3

E12

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

E13

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

E14

3

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

E15

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E16

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

E17

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

E18

8

8

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

E19

3

8

3

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

E20

?

0

?

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E21

8

8

0

0

?

?

8

0

3

0

3

0

0

?

3

E22

8

8

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

E23

8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

E24

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

E25

?

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E26

8

8

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

E27

8

8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

EMPLOYMENT & TOURISM SUMMARY

The site development policies generally impact positively on trip and mode efficiency, CO2 fixing and landscape. Policy E11, Thurleigh, may have a negative impact for trip and mode efficiency but a positive impact on the reuse of previously developed land.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain impact

Chapter 7

Shopping

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

SH1

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

3

0

0

3

0

SH2

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SH3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

SH4

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SH5

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SH6

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SH7

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SH8

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SH9

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SH10

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SH11

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

SH12

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

3

3

0

3

3

SH13

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SH16

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

3

3

0

3

3

SH17

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

SH19

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SH20

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

SHOPPING SUMMARY

A vital and vibrant town centre with a full and successful retail function helps reduce car trips, encourages the use of public transport and makes the best use of existing investment.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 8

Town Centre

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

TC1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

TC2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

3

TC3

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

TC4

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

TC5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TC6

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

TC7

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

3

TC8

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

TC9

3

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

TC10

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

TOWN CENTRE SUMMARY

TC1 to TC5 – policies aiming to protect and enhance the cultural heritage of the town centre, in order to increase its attractiveness, viability and vitality.

TC6 to TC10 – policies aiming to encourage a greater diversity of uses within the town centre, thereby enhancing its vitality.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 9

Transport

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

T1

8

8

8

0

0

?

?

?

?

8

8

3

?

0

0

T2

8

8

8

0

0

?

?

?

?

8

8

3

?

0

0

T3

8

8

8

0

0

?

8

?

?

?

8

3

?

?

0

T4

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

T5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

?

0

8

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T6

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

T7

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

T8

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

T9

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

T10

?

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T11

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

T12

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

?

0

3

?

3

0

0

0

T13

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

?

3

0

0

0

T14

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

?

3

0

0

0

T15

0

0

0

0

0

0

?

0

0

?

0

?

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T17

3

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

?

0

3

0

0

0

T18

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

T19

3

3

0

0

0

0

?

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

T20

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T21

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

TRANSPORT SUMMARY

This Chapter seeks the improvement of the local road network and the links of the urban area to the national road network. The consequent relief of congestion in the urban area will provide improved conditions enabling a shift to more efficient forms of transport, eg. buses, cycling and walking, to achieve a more sustainable transport pattern. Improvements to rail links and services will be sought including supporting the provision of new stations. More use of rail freight will be encouraged.

A policy is included to reduce the visual and noise impact of new roads.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 10

Leisure & Recreation

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

LR1

3

3

0

0

3

0

0

0

U

0

0

3

0

0

0

LR2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

LR3

3

?

0

0

?

3

0

0

?

0

U

0

0

3

0

LR4

8

8

0

0

?

?

0

?

3

0

?

0

0

3

0

LR5

8

8

0

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

3

0

0

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LR6

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

LR7

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

LR8

0

0

0

0

?

U

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

0

LR9

8

8

0

0

0

0

8

?

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

LR10

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LR11

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

LR12

8

8

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

LR13

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

?

0

3

0

LR14

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

0

3

3

0

3

0

LR15

3

3

0

0

0

?

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LR16

3

3

0

0

0

?

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

LR17

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

3

0

LR18

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

LR19

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

3

LEISURE AND RECREATION SUMMARY

Due to the variety of proposals included in this Chapter impacts are hard to assess with certainty.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

Chapter 11

Utilities

Policies

CRITERIA

Global sustainability

Natural resources

Local environmental quality

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Trip eff.

Mode eff.

En. eff.

En. renew.

CO2 fix

Habitats

Air qual.

Water con.

Land/soil qual

Mineral con.

L/scape

Urban Env.

Cult. herit.

O.S. access

Build. qual.

   

U2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

U3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

U4

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

U5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

UTILITIES SUMMARY

U2 to U3 -controls to assist the water/sewage authorities in their management of water resources.

U4 to U5 -policies to minimise the impact of telecommunications equipment in environmentally sensitive areas.

3 Beneficial impact

8 Adverse impact

U Unpredictable impact

0 No relationship

? Uncertain

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