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APPENDIX 6

Glossary


Term Meaning
A1 Uses Shops and other retail uses.
A2 Uses Financial and professional services available to the
general public such as accountants, solicitors, building societies
and banks.
A3, A4, A5 Uses Food and drink uses including restaurants, cafés, drinking establishments and hot food takeaways.
Allocations Sites specifically identified on the Policies Map for development.
Ancient Woodland Woodland sites which have had a continuous cover of native trees and plants since at least 1600AD.
Annual Monitoring Report Report that monitors the progress with and the effectiveness of the policies in the development plan. It is updated regularly.
B1 Uses Businesses including offices, high tech and light industry.
B2 Uses General industrial development.
B8 Uses Storage and distribution including warehousing.
Bedford and Milton Keynes Waterway Is a proposed new broadbeam canal set in a green corridor that will link the Great Ouse in Kempston to the Grand Union Canal in Milton Keynes, and connect the Fenland waterways to the central waterway network.  The project is led by a Consortium of local authorities including Bedford Borough Council, together with the Environment Agency, British Waterways and others.
Bedford Development Framework A previous name for Bedford’s Development Plan (no longer used).
Bedfordshire and Luton Biodiversity Action Plan (2001) A framework for the delivery of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan for areas in Bedfordshire and Luton. It identifies priorities and establishes a programme for the conservation of local and nationally important biodiversity.
Biodiversity The variety of life on earth or in a specified region or area.
Climate change Long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, wind and all other aspects of the earth's climate. Often regarded as a result of human activity and fossil fuel consumption.
Community Infrastructure Levy A levy which local authorities in England and Wales may charge on most types of new development in their area.  CIL charges are based on simple formulae which relate the size of the charge to the size and character of the development paying it. The proceeds of the levy will be spent on local and sub-regional infrastructure to support the development of the area.
Commitment Where planning permission has been granted or there is a resolution to grant planning permission awaiting the finalisation of a legal agreement.
Conservation Areas Under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, local planning authorities are able to designate as conservation areas any “areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance”.
Core Strategy and Rural Issues Plan The long-term spatial vision and strategy for the local planning authority area, including the key strategic policies and proposals to deliver that vision. The Plan is a part of Bedford’s Development Plan.
Corporate Plan The 2009-2012 plan sets out eight priorities to meet the challenges of making the Borough a better place to live, work and visit and of creating a first-class Council. The priorities are economic regeneration; environment & climate change; children and young people; adult health and well-being; safer communities; inclusion and cohesion; housing and transport and organisational and operational effectiveness. A new plan was adopted in early 2012 to set out the priorities from 2012 to 2016.
County Wildlife Sites County Wildlife Sites (CWS) are recognised as sites of significant nature conservation interest outside the network of statutorily protected wildlife areas (e.g. Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs)). The high wildlife value of many CWS has developed through land management practices that have allowed wildlife to thrive e.g. traditional and historical management such as rotational coppicing of woodland, hay cutting or grazing of grasslands. Note that some CWS are also classed as SSSIs.
Design Codes A set of specific rules or requirements to guide the physical development of a site or place. The aim of design coding is to provide clarity as to what constitutes acceptable design quality and thereby provides a level of certainty for developers and the local community alike that can help to facilitate the delivery of good quality new development.
Designations Areas shown on the Policies Map to which specific policies apply (not allocations).
Development Briefs Prepared by the Borough Council as a detailed statement of its planning policies for a particular site and its aspirations in terms of uses, layout and design principles.
Development Plan Under the Planning Acts, this is the prime consideration in the determination of planning applications. For Bedford Borough Council this is the Core Strategy and Rural Issues Plan, the Bedford Town Centre Area Action Plan, the Allocations and Designations Local Plan and saved policies from the Local Plan 2002. Minerals and Waste policies also form part of the development plan.
Development Plan Document (DPD) Spatial planning document prepared by the local planning authority that is subject to an independent public examination. They can cover a range of issues, and will set out the main spatial strategy, policies and proposals of the Council. From 2012 the term ‘Development Plan Document’ will no longer be used. It is replaced by the term ‘Local Plan’.
East of England Plan Provided the comprehensive planning regional spatial strategy for the whole of the Eastern Region setting out policies to address the needs of the region and key sub-regions.  It also identified the investment that will be needed in social, environmental, economic and transport facilities. The East of England Plan was revoked in January 2013 and is no longer part of the development plan.
Forest of Marston Vale One of twelve Community Forests being established throughout England by the Countryside Commission and Forestry Authority.  These multi-purpose forests on the edge of towns and cities will provide opportunities for recreation, forestry, education and the creation of wildlife habitats.
Geodiversity The variety of rocks, fossils, minerals, landforms and soils along with the natural processes that shape the landscape.
Geographic Information System (GIS) A system of hardware and software used for storage, retrieval, mapping and analysis of geographic data.
Green infrastructure Recreation and sports facilities, pathways and routes, natural and historic sites, canals and water spaces, accessible countryside and other open areas that contribute to the character of towns and villages.
Green Wheel A vision to develop and enhance the existing network of traffic free paths and quiet routes around the Bedford urban area for use by pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders where possible.
Growth Area The area of the Borough identified by the Core Strategy and Rural Issues Plan.  The area is described as Bedford, Kempston and the northern Marston Vale and is shown on the Key Diagram in the Core Strategy and Rural Issues Plan.
Heritage Statement Where a Heritage Statement is required, the level of detail of the assessment should be proportionate to the importance of those assets and use appropriate expertise and techniques where necessary. The assessment should be used to inform the appropriate location and form of development on the site along with any mitigation measures required and the application will need to be adequately detailed to enable full understanding of the impact on those assets affected.
Housing Monitoring Report A report that is published annually to demonstrate completions and the outstanding supply in both of these areas.
Issues and Options The first stage of the Allocations and Designations Local Plan process whereby the public were consulted on a number of different spatial options for the scope and detail of the Plan.
Key Service Centres Large villages with a good level of services being identified as Bromham, Clapham, Great Barford, Harrold, Sharnbrook, Wilstead, Stewartby, Wootton and Wixams.
Landscape Character Assessment A tool which can be used to understand the important features that make a landscape distinctive.
Listed Buildings Under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport has a statutory duty to compile lists of buildings of special architectural or historic interest. Graded I, II* or II to reflect their importance; permission is required for works which may affect their character as buildings of special architectural or historic interest.
Local Development Documents (LDDs) Generic term for documents that can be included in the Development Plan and other planning documents.
Local Development Framework (LDF) A portfolio of Local Development Documents that provides the framework for delivering the spatial strategy of the area. From 2012 the term Local Development Framework will no longer be used. The portfolio of documents will normally be replaced by one document known as a Local Plan.
Local Development Scheme (LDS) Rolling three-year project plan for the preparation of Local Development Documents.
Local Nature Reserves Areas of land which are of significant nature conservation value at the local level.
Local Plan Part of the Development Plan under the old system. Statutory district-wide document prepared under the old system sets out land use policies and proposals for the area. Since 2012, however the term ‘Local Plan’ is once again used to describe the document containing the Council’s land use policies and proposals.
Local Plan Commitments Land identified for development in the adopted Local Plan 2002.
Local Transport Plan Five-year strategy for the development of local, integrated transport, supported by a programme of transport improvements.  It is used to bid to government for funding transport improvements.
Mixed Use Development In the past there has been a tendency to define areas of single land uses. Mixed use development promotes the integration and diversity of land uses which has benefits such as reducing the need to travel and deterring criminal activity by generating different activities at different times of the day.
Planning Brief A document outlining the preferred land uses, scale and location on a site to inform future planning applications which is agreed by the Council in consultation with relevant property owners.
Planning Policy Guidance Statements of Government policy on a range of issues – being replaced over time by Planning Policy Statements. Now replaced by the National Planning Policy Framework.
Planning Policy Statement New name for Planning Policy Guidance – statement of Government policy on a range of issues. Now replaced by the National Planning Policy Framework.
Previously Developed Land Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agricultural or forestry buildings), and associated fixed-surface infrastructure. The definition includes the curtilage of the developed land.
Policies Map Illustrates policies and proposals in local development documents.
Renewable Energy Energy derived from sources that are available in an unlimited supply.
Rural Policy Area The area of the Borough not covered by the Bedford, Kempston and northern Marston Vale Growth Area. This area is shown on the Key Diagram of the Core Strategy and Rural Issues Plan.
S106 agreement Section 106 (S106) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 allows a local planning authority (LPA) to enter into a legally-binding agreement or planning obligation with a landowner in association with the granting of planning permission.  These agreements are a way of delivering or addressing matters that are necessary to make a development acceptable in planning terms.  They are used to support the provision of services and infrastructure, such as highways, recreational facilities, education, health and affordable housing.
Scheduled Monuments Under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979, the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport is required to compile and maintain a schedule of monuments of national importance. These monuments are given legal protection by being placed on the ‘list’ and once on this schedule, Scheduled Monument Consent is needed before any works can be carried out that would affect the monument.
Settlement Policy Areas A line drawn around the main built up part of the village.
Site Assessment Methodology The document that outlines how sites are selected for allocations in this document.
SEMLEP The South East Midlands Local Economic Partnership brings together businesses, universities and colleges, community groups, social enterprises and local government in Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire and Luton, Milton Keynes, Cherwell, Aylesbury and Dacorum. Together these partners are working closely with Government to support inward investment, innovation, economic growth, new enterprise and job creation.
Site Specific Flood Risk Assessment An assessment prepared by an applicant at the planning application stage to demonstrate how flood risk from all sources of flooding to the development site itself and flood risk to others will be managed and taking climate change into account.
Sites of Special Scientific Interest Statutorily notified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981(as amended) as being nationally important sites of special nature conservation interest.  Sites of Special Scientific Interest’s may include wildlife habitats, geological features and landforms.
Statement of Community Involvement Sets out the approach of the authority to involving the community in the Involvement (SCI) preparation, alteration and review of Local Development Documents and in the consideration of significant planning applications.
Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA) Prepared by the local authority, a study to inform the preparation of Local Development Documents, having regard to catchment-wide flooding issues which affect the area.  The SFRA will provide the information needed to apply the sequential approach which will determine the suitability of land for development in a flood risk area.
Supplementary Planning Documents (SPD) Non-statutory documents that expand upon adopted planning policies or proposals. These replace Supplementary Planning Guidance.
Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) Non-statutory guidance prepared under the old system to expand upon policies and proposals in the Local Plan 2002.
Sustainability Appraisal (SA) A social, economic and environmental appraisal of strategy, policies and proposals that is required for the Regional Spatial Strategy, all Development Plan Documents and Supplementary Planning Documents.  To be undertaken jointly with Strategic Environmental Assessment.
Sustainable Development “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (World Commission on Environment and Development 1987).
The Bedford Borough  Partnership A multi–agency group which brings together representatives from the statutory, voluntary and business sectors in an effort to produce a long term visionary plan for the borough and its diverse communities.
Town Centre Area Action Plan Plan to provide a planning framework for areas of change within Bedford town centre. The Plan is a part of Bedford’s Development Plan.
Trajectory (Housing) Expected annual housing completions up to 2021.
Transport Assessment Is a statutory document which accompanies a planning application, and is used by planning authorities and highways authorities to determine whether the impact of a new development on the transport network is acceptable. The Transport Assessment should identify what measures may be required to deal with the predicted transport impacts and to improve accessibility and safety, especially for pedestrians, cyclists and public transport users.
Travelling Showpeople Plot A Travelling Showperson ‘plot’ has been taken to be the space which typically provides for a mixed residential and business use, to enable on-site accommodation together with space for the secure storage, repair and testing of significant amounts of equipment.  The site is traditionally the ‘winter quarters’ to which Showpeople return at the end of the show season, however increasingly the sites are occupied by some members of the family permanently.  For the purposes of calculating the area needed to be allocated for Travelling Showpeople plots, an average of 0.22 hectares per plot has been used.
Vitality and Viability Essential elements in the stability and future prosperity of town centres. They stem not only from a variety of retail uses but from the range and quality of activities in town centres and their accessibility to people.
Wildlife Corridors Links between habitats, in both the town and countryside which can be utilised by wildlife. Includes tributaries, footpaths, tree belts, tracks, hedgerows, road verges and railways.

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Planning, Strategic Transport and Housing
Environment and Sustainable Communities
Bedford Borough Council
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