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APPENDIX F

IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING FRAMEWORK


F 1 This plan has been prepared by the Borough Council for the period 2001 - 2021 having had regard to the likelihood of available resources, the likely costs that may be incurred and the realistic view of what can be achieved in the timescale.

F.2 The Borough Council is aware that some policy aims cannot be achieved solely through the grant or refusal of   planning permission. Table 1 below identifies which policies will require the coordination of multiple agencies to be achieved and includes delivery mechanisms and anticipated timescales. Some policies are intended to be ongoing throughout the life of the Plan and apply to all development proposals. As such it is not appropriate to set a timescale for their implementation.

TABLE 1 -TABLE OF POLICIES AND RELATED DELIVERY AGENCIES, MECHANISMS AND TIMESCALES

POLICY COMMUNITY PLAN THEME DELIVERY  AGENCIES DELIVERY MECHANISMS TIMESCALES
CP1 -
Spatial Strategy
  • Providing housing and building communities
  • Strengthening the economy
All service providers Service providers’ strategies, Allocations DPD None
CP2 -
Sustainable Development Principles
  • Promoting community safety
  • Improving the environment
  • Creating better transport
  • Promoting leisure
Developers, Borough Council, Renaissance Bedford Allocations DPD, Development Control Policies DPD None
CP3 -
The location of development in the Growth Area
  • Providing housing and building communities
  • Strengthening the economy
All service providers Allocations DPD None
CP4 -
Key Service Centres in the Growth Area
  • Providing housing and building communities
  • Strengthening the economy
All service providers Allocations DPD, service providers’ strategies None
CP5 -
Sequential approach to the allocation of land for residential and employment development in the Growth Area
  • Providing housing and building communities
  • Strengthening the economy
Borough Council Allocations DPD None
CP6 -
The scale and
pace of housing
development in
the Growth Area
  • Providing housing and building communities
Developers, RSLs, Renaissance Bedford Allocations DPD By 2021
CP7 -
Meeting Housing Needs
  • Providing housing and building communities
Developers, RSLs Development Control Policies DPD None
CP8 -
Affordable Housing in the Borough
  • Providing housing and building communities
Developers, RSLs, Borough Council, Partners RSL funding, Housing Corporation None
CP9 -
Accommodation for Gypsies, Travellers and travelling showpeople
  • Providing housing and building communities
Borough Council Allocations DPD None
CP10 -
The creation
of jobs
  • Strengthening the economy
Developers, Borough  Council, Renaissance Bedford, EEDA, BLEDP Allocations DPD By 2021
CP11 -
Employment
land
  • Strengthening the economy
Developers, Borough  Council, Renaissance Bedford, EEDA, BLEDP Allocations DPD None
CP12 -
Settlement
Policy Areas
  • Improving the environment
Developers, Borough Council Allocations DPD, Development Control Policies DPD None
CP13 -
The countryside
and development
within it
  • Improving the environment
Developers, Borough Council Allocations DPD, Development Control Policies DPD None
CP14 -
Location of
development
in the Rural
Policy Area
  • Providing housing and building communities
  • Strengthening the economy
All service providers Allocations DPD None
CP15 -
Rural Key
Service Centres
  • Providing housing and building communities
  • Strengthening the economy
All service providers Allocations DPD, service providers’ strategies None
CP16 -
Housing in
the Rural
Policy Area
  • Providing housing and building communities
Developers, RSLs Allocations DPD None
CP17 -
Affordable
Housing to meet
local needs
in the Rural
Policy Area
  • Providing housing and building communities
Developers, RSLs, Borough Council RSL funding, Housing Corporation None
CP18 -
Sustaining the local economy and services
  • Strengthening the economy
Developers Allocations DPD None
CP19 -
Bedford Town
Centre
  • All themes
Developers, Renaissance Bedford Town Centre AAP None
CP20 -
Retail
Hierarchy
  • Strengthening the economy
Developers, Borough Council Town Centre AAP, Development Control Policies DPD, Allocations DPD None
CP21-
Designing in quality
  • Promoting community safety
  • Improving the environment
Developers Development Control Policies DPD None
CP22-
Green
Infrastructure
  • Improving the environment
  • Promoting leisure
Developers, Renaissance Bedford, Bedford Borough Council, Bedfordshire County Council, county-wide  green infrastructure consortium Allocations DPD, Development Control Policies DPD None
CP23 -
Heritage
  • Improving the environment
Developers Development Control Policies DPD None
CP24 -
Landscape
protection and
enhancement
  • Improving the environment
Developers Development Control Policies DPD None
CP25 -
Biodiversity
  • Improving the environment
Developers Development Control Policies DPD None
CP26 -
Climate change
and pollution
  • Improving the environment
  • Improving health
Developers, all service providers Climate Change SPD, Building Regulations None
CP27 -
Strategic
transport
infrastructure
  • Creating better transport
Highways Agency, East West Rail Consortium, Renaissance Bedford   Great Barford Bypass - Highways Agency scheme completed 2006 (LTP – NR1)
A421 - Highways Agency priority major scheme, Public Inquiry Dec 2007, Environmental works start Sept 2008, main works Jan 2009, likely completion 2010 (LTP – NR3)
Thameslink Programme - Local Transport Plan major programmed scheme, anticipated opening 2013 (LTP – PT14)
East-West rail Oxford to Bedford – East West Rail Consortium scheme under consideration, anticipated opening by 2013 (LTP – PT16)
CP28 -
Local
Transport Plan
  • Creating better transport
Developers, Bedfordshire  County Council, Renaissance Bedford Local Transport Plan Bedford Western Bypass – Developer led (with some public sector contributions) priority major scheme, LTP funding approved, Contract let and works to start Oct 2007, anticipated opening 2008/09 (LTP – LR9)
Park & Ride sites – Elstow site open, further 2 park and ride schemes at Biddenham and Clapham to be delivered 2009/10 and 2010/11
Batts Ford Bridge and town centre improvements - Local Transport Plan priority major scheme as part of an overall transport package, likely completion 2012/13 (LTP – LR20)
Wixams A6 Re-Alignment – Developer led (with some public sector contributions) programmed scheme, work has commenced, anticipated opening 2008 (LTP – LR6)
Wixams rail station –Developer led and Growth Area Funded major transport scheme, first funding agreement signed Sept 2007, under consideration in the period to 2010/11 (LTP – PT17)
Bedford Rail Station - Developer led (with some public sector contributions) major transport scheme under consideration in the period 2011/12 to  2015/16 (LTP – PT24)
CP29 -
Accessibility
  • Creating better transport
  • Including everyone
Developers, Bedfordshire County Council Allocations DPD, Development Control Policies DPD None
CP30 -
Developer
contributions
  • All themes
Developers,  Borough Council, Renaissance Bedford   None
CP31-
Plan, monitor
and manage
  • Providing housing and building communities
  • Strengthening the economy
Borough Council   None

F.3 Upon adoption, this plan will be monitored on an annual basis through the Annual Monitoring Report (AMR). The AMR will be published each December and cover the previous financial year 1st April - 31st March.

F.4 Table 2 sets out how the council proposes to monitor the effectiveness of the Plan in delivering its objectives. Each of the 16 objectives is to be delivered by a specific policy or policies in the plan. The table below sets out how each objective will be monitored in the AMR by setting a series of indicators. Many of the indicators in the table are already collected by the council in the AMR. Where new indicators are proposed, they are marked as ‘new’. The table also includes any relevant targets and milestones, the progress towards which will also be monitored.

TABLE 2 – TABLE OF PLAN OBJECTIVES AND RELATED POLICIES, INDICATORS AND TARGETS

Not all of the policies have targets due to their strategic nature. Where relevant, indicators (along with their reference number from the AMR) are listed.

DPD OBJECTIVE DPD POLICIES RELATED TO THAT OBJECTIVE ASSOCIATED  TARGETS INDICATORS TRIGGERS
1. Deliver the planned growth in Bedford, Kempston and the northern Marston Vale (Local Plan 2002 commitments – see Figure 2) to achieve a  step change in the borough’s role in the region CP1 Spatial Strategy CP3 The location of
development in the
Growth Area
CP4 Key Service Centres in the Growth Area
CP6 The scale and pace of housing development in the Growth Area
CP10 The creation of jobs CP11 Employment land CP31 Plan, monitor and
manage
CP6 target: Housing development of 16,270 in the Growth Area between 2001-2021
CP10 target: Minimum of 16,000 jobs to be provided in the borough by 2021
CP11 target: Up to 75has of employment land to be provided in the Borough by 2021.
C2a: Housing Trajectory
L1 a-e: Gypsy and Traveller indicators
L4: Proportion of development within the Growth Area and Rural Policy Area
L14: Number of jobs created in the Borough
C2a: If delivery varies by more than 20% of the dwelling requirement, reasons for this should be established and appropriate responses considered; this could include a review of the Allocations and Designations DPD. Delivery against the dwelling requirement will be measured over a 5 year rolling period.
L14: If job growth falls 20% below the job growth target (800 p.a.) a review should be undertaken to establish  reasons for this. This could be undertaken at District, County, sub-regional or regional level. Delivery against the job growth requirement will be measured over a 5 year rolling period.
2. Ensure future development is based upon sustainable development  principles CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development CP3 The location of
development in the
Growth Area
CP5 Sequential approach to the allocation of land for residential and employment development in the
Growth Area
CP14 Location of development in the Rural Policy Area
CP31 Plan, monitor and manage
  L4: Proportion of development within the Growth Area and Rural Policy Area  
3. Provide guidance on where future growth should occur (in the period up to 2021) CP1 Spatial Strategy CP3 The location of
development in the
Growth Area
CP5 Sequential approach to the allocation of land for residential and employment development in the Growth Area
CP14 Location of development in the Rural Policy Area
  L4: Proportion of development within the Growth Area and Rural Policy Area  
4. Provide quality housing to meet current and future needs of all sectors of
the community
CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP6 The scale and pace of housing development in the Growth Area
CP7 Meeting housing needs CP8 Affordable housing in
the Borough
CP9 Accommodation for Gypsies, Travellers and travelling  showpeople
CP13 The countryside and development within it
CP16 Housing in the Rural Policy Area
CP17 Affordable housing to meet local needs in the Rural Policy Area
CP6 target: Housing development of 16,270 in the Growth Area between 2001-2021
CP16 target: Increase of 1300 net dwellings in the Rural Policy Area 2001-2021
C2a: Housing Trajectory C2d: Affordable housing
completions
L1 a-e: Gypsy and Traveller indicators
C2a: If delivery varies by more than 20% of the dwelling requirement, reasons for this should be established and appropriate responses considered; this could include a review of the Allocations DPD. Delivery against the dwelling requirement will
be measured over a 5 year rolling period.
5. Foster significant employment  growth CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP10 The creation of jobs CP11 Employment land CP16 Housing in the Rural
Policy Area
CP18 Sustaining the local economy and services
CP31 Plan, monitor and manage
CP8 target: Minimum of 16,000 jobs to be provided in the Borough by 2021
CP11 target: Up to 75has of employment land to be provided in the borough by 2021.
CP16 target: Increase of 1300 net dwellings in the Rural Policy Area 2001-2021
C1a: Amount of floorspace developed for employment by type
C2a: Housing Trajectory
L14: Number of jobs created in the Borough
New: Jobs created in the Rural Policy Area
C2a: If delivery varies by more than 20% of the dwelling requirement, reasons for this should be established and appropriate responses considered; this could include a review of the Allocations DPD. Delivery against the dwelling requirement will be measured over a 5 year rolling period.
L14: If job growth falls 20% below the job growth target (800 p.a.) a review should be undertaken to establish  reasons for this. This could be undertaken at District, County, sub-regional or regional level. Delivery against the job growth requirement will be measured over a 5 year rolling period.
6. Direct retail development to the most appropriate locations CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP19 Bedford Town Centre
CP20 Retail hierarchy
Capacity of 6,000 sq.m. net convenience goods floorspace by 2011 and 30,000 sq.m. net comparison goods floorspace by 2011 increasing to 47,000 sq.m. by 2016. (The Town Centre Area Action Plan allocates 31,200 sq.m. of retail floorspace, the delivery of which will be monitored by that plan). C4a: Amount of completed retail, office and leisure development
C4b: Amount of completed retail, office and leisure development in town centres
C4a&b: If the identified retail of the three key sites allocated in the Town Centre Area Action Plan is not likely to be delivered, an updated retail capacity study should be undertaken to consider the reasons for this, to review the amount of additional
floorspace likely to be needed and to consider the scope for expansion of the Primary Shopping Area.
7. Foster the regeneration of Bedford town centre to enable it to fulfil a greater role within the region CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP19 Bedford Town Centre
CP20 Retail hierarchy
  C4a: Amount of completed retail, office and leisure development
C4b: Amount of completed retail, office and leisure development in the town centre
L15: Percentage of vacant units within the primary shopping area of Bedford town centre
L17: Footfall levels in the town centre
 
8. Support the delivery of coordinated  transport improvements with the emphasis on non-car modes, improving east-west communications and achieving greater transport interchange CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development principles
CP27 Strategic transport infrastructure
CP28 Local Transport Plan CP29 Accessibility
CP31 Plan, monitor and manage
  L3: Level of proposed transport infrastructure set out in the RSS and LTP2 that has been achieved
L23: Mode of transport to work
 
9. Encourage key rural communities to become more sustainable places to live and work CP1 Spatial Strategy CP3 The location of
development in the
Growth Area
CP4 Key Service Centres in the Growth Area
CP6 The scale and pace of housing development in the Growth Area
CP12 Settlement Policy Areas CP13 The countryside and
development within it
CP14 Location of development in the Rural Policy Area
CP15 Rural Key Service Centres CP16 Housing in the Rural
Policy Area
CP17 Affordable housing to meet local needs in the Rural Policy Area
CP18 Sustaining the local economy and services
CP6 target: Housing development of 16,270 in the Growth Area between 2001-2021
CP16 target: Increase of 1300 net dwellings in the Rural Policy Area 2001-2021
C2a: Housing Trajectory L4: Proportion of
development within the
Growth Area and Rural Policy Area
L11: Rural households within 13 minutes walk of an hourly bus service
New: Proportion of development in the Rural Policy Area outside of key service centres
New: Level of services in Rural Policy Area
New: Jobs created in the Rural Policy Area
C2a: If delivery varies by more than 20% of the dwelling requirement, reasons for this should be established and appropriate responses considered; this could include a review of the Allocations DPD. Delivery against the dwelling requirement will be measured over a 5 year rolling period.
10. Achieve high quality design that takes account of character and local distinctiveness,  enables access and promotes community safety CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development principles
CP21 Designing in quality
  L20: Quality of new development in terms of design and landscaping and respecting local character
L25: Planning permissions granted with conditions relating to good access provision for disabled people
 
11. Protect and enhance the countryside and the quality and connectivity of green infrastructure in the borough with particular emphasis on enhancing the Marston Vale CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development principles
CP12 Settlement Policy Areas CP13 The countryside and
development within it
CP14 Location of development in the Rural Policy Area
CP22 Green infrastructure CP23 Heritage
CP24 Landscape protection and enhancement
CP25 Biodiversity
  L5: % of SSSIs in favourable condition.
L6: Increase in areas of woodland in the Growth Area
L18: Amount of open space in new housing developments granted planning permission
 
12. Minimise the use of energy and encourage greater use of energy from renewable sources CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development principles
CP21 Designing in quality CP26 Climate change and
pollution
CP29 Accessibility
  C9: Renewable energy capacity installed by type  
13. Provide a mechanism for the delivery of infrastructure (including health, education, transport, community, leisure and recreation facilities) in tandem with new development CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development principles
CP10 Strategic transport infrastructure
CP22 Green infrastructure CP28 Local Transport Plan
  L3: Level of proposed transport infrastructure set out in the RSS and LTP2 that has been achieved
New: Completed infrastructure schemes secured from planning permission legal agreements
 
14. Protect and enhance the Borough’s built, cultural and community assets and the character of settlements and foster the development of the Borough as a destination for heritage and cultural tourism CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development principles
CP21 Designing in quality CP23 Heritage
CP30 Developer contributions
  L7: Listed buildings at risk L20: Quality of new
development in terms of
design and landscaping and respecting local character
New: Income from tourism as a % of total GDP
 
15. Protect the environment by minimising the risk of flooding and the effects of climate change and facilitating improvements in air quality CP1 Spatial Strategy
CP2 Sustainable development principles
CP21 Designing in quality CP26 Climate change and
pollution
C7: Zero planning permissions granted contrary to Environment Agency advice. C7: Number of planning permissions granted contrary to the advice of the Environment Agency on either flood defence  grounds or water quality
C9: Renewable energy capacity installed by type
L19: Designated air quality management areas
 
16. Involve the community in the decisions about the planning of the borough so they can influence and shape such decisions CP1 Spatial Strategy   New: Number of respondents to planning consultations
The effectiveness of the Council’s community engagement in planning will be monitored against the Statement of Community Involvement and reported in the AMR
 
         

F.5 The information in this Appendix is taken from the Bedford Development Framework Annual Monitoring Report and the Housing Monitoring Report. For up to date information please see the Annual Monitoring Report published each December.

HOUSING

BEDFORD, KEMPSTON AND THE NORTHERN MARSTON VALE GROWTH AREA

F.6 The table below shows the dwelling supply in the Growth Area for the period 2005-2021.


TABLE 3 - DWELLING SUPPLY AS AT 31/03/2007

SOURCE OF SUPPLY SITE NUMBER OF HOUSING UNITS INDICATIVE SPLIT BETWEEN BROWNFIELD AND GREENFIELD PLANNING STATUS AT 31/03/2007
      PDL GREENFIELD  
Completions 2001 - 2006/07   2433 1627 806 Complete
Planning permissions at 31/03/2007 Other sites 7628 3757 3871 Planning  permission granted
Local Plan commitments at 31/03/2007 H2 Britannia Works Phase E 255 255   Application under consideration
  H2 Britannia Works Phase F 100 100   Estimated additional site capacity
  H8 Land north of Bromham Road 1200   1200 Resolution to grant planning permission subject to S106 agreement
  H9 Land at Shortstown 130   130 Resolution to grant planning permission subject to S106 agreement
  H11 South of Fields Road, Wootton 500   500 Resolution to grant planning permission subject to S106 agreement
  H12 North of Fields Road, Wootton 580   580 Resolution to grant planning permission subject to S106 agreement
  H13 Stewartby 610   610 Resolution to grant planning permission subject to S106 agreement
Additional capacity estimate Wixams 500   500  
Town Centre Area Action Plan TC7, TC10, TC11, TC13, TC15, TC16,
TC17 and other sites
635 635    
Other windfall commitments at 31/03/2007 Small sites with resolution to grant 173 117 56 Resolution to grant planning permission subject to S106 agreement
Windfall allowance 2007/08 -2021* 125 p. a. 1750      
Total supply and completions 2001 - 2021   16494      
MKSM Policy requirement   16270      
Progress of supply towards meeting MKSM target   +224      

*Note: In line with advice contained in PPS3: Housing the Council will not rely on housing delivery from ‘windfall’ sites to satisfy the first 10 years of housing supply. The allowance for ‘windfalls’ in Table 3 above will be replaced by provision derived from the managed release of brownield/employment sites and/or other land allocation identified through the Allocations and Designations DPD process.

F.7 This appendix states that if, in the future, housing delivery varies by more than 20% from the requirement, the Council will undertake a review in order to establish the reasons. The AMR for the period to 31/03/2007 indicated that housing delivery in the Growth Area has fallen more than 20% below the housing requirement.

To date, the main reasons for under-delivery are considered to be:

  • Market performing below regional expectations
  • Infrastructure constraints (A421 and western bypass)
  • Remediation of land

The under-delivery of housing is not expected to continue for the following reasons:

  • There is now a programme for the A421 dualling and western bypass
  • At 31/03/2007 there were 7628 unimplemented planning consents in the Growth Area
  • At 31/03/2007 a further 3020 units had received resolutions to grant planning permission subject to legal agreements being agreed.

RURAL POLICY AREA

F.8 The following data indicates the housing delivery position for the Rural Policy Area (area outside of the Growth Area) as at 31/03/2007 – see Annual Monitoring Report.


Dwelling requirement 2001 – 2021 = 1300
Dwelling completions 2001 – 2006/07 = 1078
Outstanding requirement 2006/07 – 2020/21 = 270

At 31/03/2007 housing delivery in the Rural Policy Area was 48 dwellings above the requirement.


F.9 This appendix states that if housing delivery varies by more than 20% of the requirement, the Council should establish the reasons for the trend. The AMR for the period to 2004/05 indicates that housing delivery has risen more than 20% above the housing requirement. The Council is confident this trend will not continue. The trend has been caused by a combination of factors including:

  • Changes in national housing policy which increased dwelling density on Local Plan allocated sites (over 300 more dwellings were delivered than were originally identified).
  • The rapid delivery of dwellings on many Local Plan housing allocations in the Rural Policy Area.
  • In the period from 2005/06 to 2021 there are a further 193 dwellings allocated for housing in the Rural Policy Area through the Local Plan. Infill and affordable dwellings to meet local need are also expected (see Policies CP14, CP16 and CP17). Thus the requirement of 1,300 is not expected to be greatly exceeded and the over-delivery of the requirement at 31/03/2007 does not cause concern.

EMPLOYMENT LAND

F.10 The following table shows potential sources of employment land 2001 - 2021. In quantitive terms there appears to be a healthy supply of B1/B2/B8 land, but as the table notes explain, there is doubt about whether some of the sites will be delivered.

TABLE 4 – EMPLOYMENT LAND SUPPLY

POTENTIAL SOURCES OF EMPLOYMENT LAND
A summary of 2006/07 monitoring data
  All (B1, B2 & B8) B1 (estimate)
Completions 2001- 2007 52.75 (net)
78.40 (gross)
13.50
Sites with planning permission    
Growth Area    
  • B1
2.55 2.55
  • B1/B8
   
  • B2/B8
0.22  
  • B8
0.13  
• B1/B2/B8 39.68 5.22
Total 42.58 7.77
Rural Policy Area    
  • B1
9.10 9.10
  • B1/B2
17.80 9.00
  • B1/B8
1.26 0.45
  • B2
0.21  
  • B8
0.20  
• B1/B2/B8 7.59 3.02
Total 36.16 21.57
Sites with resolution to grant planning permission    
Growth Area    
  • H13 Stewartby (B1/B2/B8)
2.40 1.00
  • H11 Wootton (B1/B2/B8)
9.00 2.00
  • H8 Land North of Bromham Rd (B1/B2)
4.00 2.00
Total 15.40 5.00
Sites without planning permission    
Growth Area    
  • E4 Land west of B530
3.40 1.00
  • E5 Land east of B530
1.36 1.00
  • E10 Elstow Brickworks
8.00 2.00
  • TC13 Railway station (TCAAP)
2.00 2.00
Total 14.76 6.00
Overall total 161.65ha 53.84ha

At 2007 planning permission had been granted for the loss of a further 2.87ha of employment land to uses outside the ‘B’ range. This reduces the overall total of 161.65ha to 158.78ha.

It is unlikely that all sites with planning permission will come forward. For example:

  • Growth Area sites with planning permission include 12ha to the rear of the airship sheds at Cardington. Following the appeal decision of the former RAF site to the north (2005) this site is unlikely to be developed for employment because of access difficulties. Taking the 12ha from the 158.78ha total leaves 146.78ha. The estimated B1 figure takes account of the fact that this site is unlikely to be delivered.
  • Rural Policy Area sites (sites outside the Bedford, Kempston and northern Marston Vale) with planning permission include a large site at Thurleigh Airfield. This was first granted planning permission in 2001 and its delivery is uncertain. Without the 18ha at Thurleigh Airfield, the 146.78ha total is reduced to 128.78ha. The B1 total includes an estimate of 9ha B1 at Thurleigh. Removing this from the B1 total leaves potential for 44.84ha.

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